Question: Why are men more at risk of heart disease than women? Martín (Argentina).
Answer: It is a very good question! It is not fully understood why men have a higher risk of having heart disease, but the truth is that, on average, a woman's cardiovascular risk is equal to that of a man 20 years older. One of the most important factors is hormones. Estrogens produced by the ovary are thought to have a protective factor. In fact, it is after menopause that the risk of cardiovascular diseases in women really multiplies. But also, historically, men have presented a greater proportion of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as smoking, hypertension, obesity, diabetes and sedentary lifestyle.