It has been shown that smoking and alcohol abuse are two of the most important modifiable risk factors for developing osteoporosis. We must avoid sedentary lifestyle, since physical inactivity is another factor with a lot of influence. It has been shown that exercise, muscle activity, severity and mechanical load stimulate the growth of bone cells and thus increase the final bone mass.
A continuous and moderate program of exercise combined with another of muscular strength, weight and aerobic support such as running or cycling, probably helps prevent osteoporosis and preserve skeletal stability and agility, which decreases the risk of fracture. Statistics show lower incidence of osteoporotic fractures among women over 40 who practice regular physical exercises.
As we have said on other occasions, it is important to ensure adequate calcium intake from an early age, insist on physical exercise adapted to each age, do not smoke or drink alcohol, do daylight activities to help the activation of the vitamin D, and remove architectural barriers and elements at home that can make older people fall; for example, carpets, bathtub, etc.
Dr. Joseph Perez. Clinical Hospital of Z Rehab Center