What is morphine? Definition, Effects, Indications

Morphine is a narcotic drug that is mainly used for pain relief, but it can also be used for the treatment of severe cough. It belongs to a family of drugs known as opiates, which are usually produced from the poppy plant. Morphine is potentially addictive and attempts to suddenly stop taking the medication, even if it has been used as directed, can cause withdrawal symptoms.

A German pharmacist named Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Serturner is credited with the discovery of morphine in 1805. Although today there is a known method to produce it synthetically, the drug is still generally produced from opium, which is a product raw produced from the seeds of poppy plants. This medication is available in several forms, including syrup, pills, injections and morphine patches. It is used for the treatment of pain, especially after surgery, and is also sometimes used to suppress severe cough.

Morphine effects

Although morphine is prescribed to provide pain relief it should be understood that it does not eliminate pain. Instead, the perception in the mind of pain is distorted. When this medicine is introduced into the body it produces several effects. These include reducing respiratory rate and reducing heart rate and slowing down brain activity. This narcotic not only affects the way the mind perceives pain, but also tends to alter the general mental functioning of the person and their sense of consciousness.

Morphine side effects

Morphine produces euphoria, and can have other unwanted effects on the body such as reducing a person’s sexual desire, altering their menstrual cycle, and suppressing hunger. Other common side effects of this medication are nausea and constipation. The consumption of morphine also presents the risk of addiction. People tend to develop a tolerance to the drug, which means they need more and more to meet their needs.

Morphine: contraindications

Those who are prescribed this narcotic medication are usually advised not to suddenly stop taking it without the direction of a medical professional. If he does not follow his advice, the individual will most likely experience withdrawal symptoms. These include diarrhea, abdominal cramps and chills. Not everyone can tolerate morphine. The medication is not recommended for people who have had allergic reactions to other narcotic medications.

Other people for whom the drug may be inappropriate include people with low blood pressure, breathing disorders, or liver disease. People with a history of mental illness or substance abuse problems should only take the medicine if these facts are fully disclosed should be considered by a doctor. Pregnant women and those who are breastfeeding are not considered suitable candidates to take this medicine, since it is likely to be transmitted to the baby.

Morphine is a controlled substance in most industrialized countries. This means that the possession of the drug is generally limited to manufacturers, distributors and consumers. In the event that other individuals are caught with possession or supply of the narcotic, they are likely to be exposed to penalties that may include imprisonment.

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