What is codeine? Definition, Effects, Indications

Codeine is a type of narcotic medication. Narcotics are medications that provide pain relief and often make a person feel sleepy. They can also dull the senses and cause changes in both mood and behavior. Codeine is used to treat pain that varies in intensity from mild to severe.

Like other types of narcotics, this medication can be addictive.

This means that a person’s body may begin to crave the drug after having it for some time. As such, it is a poor medication option for someone who has abused drugs in the past. It must be kept in a safe place, where it is not accessible to other people, especially children.

Indications for the use of Codeine:

A person should always take this medication exactly as prescribed by the doctor for him. The medicine should be taken along with a full glass of water and some people take it with food or milk to avoid stomach upset. It is best to avoid taking more than the doctor has recommended. Similarly, it is best to avoid suddenly discontinuing the medication if it has been in use for a significant period of time. Doing so may cause withdrawal symptoms.

Codeine and alcohol

This medicine should not be taken with alcohol. When alcohol is mixed with this narcotic medication, it can suffer serious side effects. In fact, a person may even die as a result of mixing with alcohol. To be sure it is best to check medication labels to make sure they do not contain alcohol if taken together with codeine.

Codeine and work

When a person is using codeine, he must be careful with the handling of heavy machinery and driving a car. This medicine can make a person less alert than normal. Similarly, it can alter the person’s ability to think clearly and react quickly. Therefore, another type of pain relief may be a better option when driving and operating complicated or heavy equipment is necessary.

Codeine side effects

Codeine may cause side effects. Among the common side effects of codeine are: dizziness, drowsiness, upset stomach, vomiting, constipation, dry mouth and headache. A person can also sweat more than normal and have trouble sleeping. Some people have blurred vision and develop a mild skin rash. Some people even experience less interest in sex.

Some of the possible side effects of codeine are more serious. For example, a person may develop symptoms of codeine allergy, such as difficulty breathing and swelling of the tongue, throat or mouth. These symptoms require a trip to the emergency room. In addition, a person should contact their doctor immediately if they experience an altered heart rhythm, dizziness, confusion, hallucinations, or seizures. Shallow breathing, strange behavior, difficulty urinating, and strange thoughts should also be reported to a doctor immediately.

What is codeine used for?

Although there are many warnings associated with the use of codeine, the medication does have some benefits. It offers good pain relief for a number of situations. For example, it may be prescribed for the fight against pain after a tooth extraction or even to cope with the contractions that follow the delivery. It can also be used for pain after certain types of injuries. However, it may not be the best option when it is not necessary for long-term pain relief, since prolonged use could lead to addiction.

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