What is amphetamine? Definition, Effects, Indications

When people face a psychological disorder, a psychostimulant drug can be prescribed. Amphetamine, a prescription medication used to treat disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD, is a type of psychostimulants. Its intended use is to stimulate the central nervous system and help alert the patient’s stay.

Psychostimulants may be prescribed for the treatment of adult disorders, but they are commonly used to treat children with attention problems. Amphetamines can also be used to treat narcolepsy and other disorders. Amphetamines act by increasing wakefulness and focus, and at the same time to reduce fatigue and appetite. One of the most common amphetamines prescribed to children is known as Adderall.

Side effects of amphetamines

These stimulants can also suppress appetite. The drug can increase heart rate and blood pressure as well. Other side effects include blurred vision, restlessness, panic, nausea, irregular heartbeat, diarrhea, dry mouth, impotence, vomiting, seizures, hallucinations, tremors, insomnia, aggressiveness, and dizziness. If any of these side effects are experienced, a doctor should be consulted.

Amphetamine addiction

This class of drugs also forms a habit, since patients can become both psychologically and physically dependent on the medication. Sudden cessation of taking amphetamines may result in withdrawal. Help from a doctor should be requested for gradual weaning if the patient wishes to stop taking the medication. Methamphetamine, a potent drug that increases dopamine in the brain, is an example of a highly addictive amphetamine.


The instructions for the use of psychostimulants should be followed to the letter. Patients should take amphetamines specifically as directed by their doctors. These medications should not be chewed or crushed, but swallowed whole with a full glass of water. Amphetamines should not be taken overnight, as they can cause insomnia.

People taking amphetamines should avoid handling heavy machinery, driving or performing potentially dangerous tasks. Patients taking this medication may not be aware of being too tired. Patients with arteriosclerosis, heart disease, glaucoma, hyperthyroidism, high blood pressure, or a history of alcohol or drug abuse should refrain from taking amphetamines.

Many people with certain disorders may be able to use amphetamines with the approval of a doctor. People should inform their doctors if they have a history or current condition, including anxiety disorders, motor or phonic tics, epilepsy or other seizure disorders, Tourette syndrome or diabetes. Some of these conditions may simply need special control during treatment.

The effects of amphetamine during pregnancy and breastfeeding remain unknown. The drug can cause harm to an unborn baby. Patients who are pregnant, who could become pregnant or who are breastfeeding during treatment should immediately inform their doctors.

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