The direct relationship between salt intake and high blood pressure is a fact widely demonstrated by many studies in recent years. The relationship is directly proportional; that is to say, the higher the consumption of salt not only has more hypertension, but also more cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, which is the same as saying that there is more frequency of heart attacks and angina, strokes and embolisms.
Salt is a common element in our diet and is necessary for the proper functioning of our body. Currently, the amount of 5 or 6 grams of salt per day has been established as the recommended amount, from which the blood pressure can be increased. The usual diet of many world populations exceeds this figure, and is greater than 12 grams in some regions of Asia or Eastern Europe.
A dose of 5 grams of salt less per day – equivalent to one teaspoon of coffee – is associated with a 23% decrease in stroke and 17% in cardiovascular events.
Since studies show once again that the decrease in salt in meals is a cost-effective measure, governments should reinforce this criterion in their annual health programs. This simple action could be of great value with a view to halting the progress of cardiovascular disease, a true global epidemic that constitutes the first cause of death in patients over 60 and the second in the range of 15 to 59 years.
Dr. Joseph Perez. Clinical Hospital of Z Rehab Center