Warts are infections that occur in the outer skin layer (epidermis). The resulting infection makes the skin grow and thicken, and cause the growth of benign (non-cancerous) skin. This disease can occur in all parts of the body, but generally often appears on the hands, knees, and feet.
- 1 Causes of Warts
- 2 Types of Warts
- 3 Symptoms of Warts
- 4 Wart Diagnosis
- 5 Treatment of Warts
- 6 Wart Prevention
Causes of Warts
Warts are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) which attacks the skin layer. The HPV virus causes excessive production of keratin (the basic material that makes up layers of skin, hair and nails), thus forming a rough and thick skin texture.
The virus that causes warts can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, the use of towels or shoes together. Although the risk of contracting from someone else is fairly low, this disease can be transmitted, especially if the person has a weak immune system. This includes people with HIV or AIDS, and those who use immunosuppressants after transplantation.
Types of Warts
There are four caused by HPV. Although it looks physically different, basically everything is caused by the same thing. The following are some types that you should know about, including:
1. Warts (Verruca Vulgaris)
Verruca vulgaris has a hard, rough surface, and may look like cauliflower and grow anywhere on the body. This type most commonly develops in the fingers, elbows, knees, or areas of damaged skin. Freezing of blood vessels is often seen as tiny dark spots like plant seeds.
2. Wart soles (Verruca Plantaris)
This type usually appears on the sole of the foot or heel. Characteristics, has small black dots surrounded by hard white tissue. In addition, this type can be painful when you press it and including those that are difficult to remove.
3. Flat Warts
Has a round growth shape, smooth and often yellow. Most often appears on the face, neck, back of hands or feet. Easy, most often appears in areas that are often exposed to sunlight. Although it tends to have a larger form, but this type can disappear without treatment.
4. Genital Warts
Caused by various types of HPV compared to other types. Genital warts are spread by sexual contact and are the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
If you have this type, it is important to go to the clinic to get the right treatment.
5. Filiform warts (Verruca Filiformis)
Has a long shape. This type can grow quickly on the eyelids, neck and underarms.
6. Mosaic Warts
A combination of several plantar in large groups. Unlike moles, this type is often the same color as skin. Does not contain pus, unless they are infected. If an infection occurs, it may require treatment with antibiotics.
7. Periungual Warts
This type can grow under and around toenails. Can cause pain and affect nail growth.
Symptoms of Warts
This skin disease can appear in various shapes and sizes.
Common warts and which appear on the soles of the feet (plantar) can look like dark dots in the middle. Usually does not cause pain. This does not apply if growing in areas that are stressed, such as on the fingers or on the bottom of the foot, can be painful.
Characteristics of warts that attack the fingers are also usually:
- Small lumps and like fleshy.
- Pink or brown.
- Rough skin texture.
- The blood vessels clot.
Doctors can usually tell just by looking at it. The doctor can also take samples and look under a microscope (skin biopsy). Samples will be sent to the laboratory to find out the handling, status, and prevent the possibility of other skin growth.
Treatment of Warts
The goal of treatment is to destroy cells, stimulate the immune system’s response to fight viruses, or both. Treatment may take weeks or months.
Doctors usually start with the least painful method, especially when treating young children and doing treatment based on location and symptoms.
Here’s how to get rid of warts that you can try:
1. Salicylic Acid
The first way is to use salicylic acid. Salicylic acid works by removing the layers little by little. Studies show that salicylic acid is more effective when combined with cryotherapy
The therapy carried out by this doctor involves the administration of liquid nitrogen. Cryotherapy works by causing blisters to form under and around the warts.
Then, the dead tissue peels off within a week or so. This method can also stimulate the immune system to fight viruses. This therapy needs to be done repeatedly.
Side effects of cryotherapy include pain, blisters and discoloration in the treated area. Since this technique can be painful, it’s usually not used to treat young children.
3. Trichloroacetic Acid
If salicylic acid or cryotherapy has no effect, your doctor may try trichloroacetic acid. With this method, the doctor will cut the surface of the wart and then apply trichloroacetic acid. Repeated treatments are needed every week or more.
Pulsed-dye laser (burning) treatment of small blood vessels. The infected tissue eventually dies and will eventually disappear. Evidence of the effectiveness of this method is limited, and can cause pain and scarring.
A dermatologist can inject each wart with an anticancer drug, bleomycin. This method can have other side effects, such as loss of nails if given on a finger.
Through this method, the skin tissue will be cut with a surgical instrument, then removed. Curette can be painful and can leave scars (scar tissue). Keep in mind, this method is classified as very effective.
- Don’t touch other people’s warts.
- Do not use towels or other personal items.
- Do not share shoes and socks with sufferers.
- Don’t try to scratch because this can cause it to spread to other parts of the body.
- Do not try to shave your hair in areas with warts.
- Do not bite your nails near your nails.
- Wash your hands thoroughly after touching the wart.