Tiredness and fatigue: Causes, diagnosis, treatment

Fatigue is something that everyone experiences sometimes. Most often it is because you have slept too little. It is important to find a balance between activity and rest. But illness can also make you tired. Fatigue is also common when you feel sad and depressed. Also, some medicines can cause fatigue. If fatigue persists for a long time, it is important to contact a doctor or medical center for an examination.

Why are you tired

The need for sleep varies widely between people. Young children of school age need to sleep at least 10-12 hours, while an adult can handle 6-8 hours of sleep to feel comfortable the next day. But there is a big difference between different people.

Fatigue may be due to:

• Too little sleep or poor sleep
• Worry and stress affect sleep, which often makes you sleep poorly
• Some medicines also make it difficult to sleep
• During snoring and breathing breaks, so-called sleep apnea, you may feel tired during the days.
Iron deficiency – common among menstruating women. But other conditions can also cause iron deficiency such as iron-deficient diets, intestinal diseases such as gluten intolerance (celiac disease) or Crohn’s disease, deficiency of folic acid or vitamin B12. Iron deficiency without any explanation should always be examined by a doctor, as the cause may be small ulcers in the gut due to polyps or cancer.

Diseases that can cause fatigue

• Infections – normally tired of an infectious disease
• Glandular fever (mononucleosis)
• Borrelia (Lyme Disease) – a disease you can get after tick bites
• HIV
• Depression
• Cancer – often followed by loss of appetite and weight loss
• Low metabolism can cause extra need for sleep
• High metabolism can also appear as fatigue
• Diabetes – gives other symptoms, you get thirsty and need to urinate often

Common symptoms of fatigue

• Being physically tired means that the body does not feel as strong as before.
• In the case of mental or mental fatigue, one can usually not receive or process any more impressions or impulses.
• There may also be a fatigue which means that you do not feel any commitment, that you no longer have the energy to care.

Treatment for fatigue

• Deficiency conditions and diseases can be treated.
• Medicines can be replaced with other medicines that do not make you tired.
Sleep apnea can be treated with, among other things, bait rails, nose clips and mask for overpressure breathing.
• Depression and anxiety can be treated with medication and talk therapy.
• Lifestyle change

Seek care

If the fatigue is not due to lack of sleep and has lasted for more than four weeks, one may wonder if the fatigue may be due to someone else. If fatigue persists, you should contact a doctor, which is especially important if you have symptoms such as:
• Sweats at night
• Pale mucous membranes
Blood in the stool
• Swollen lymph nodes.
• have lost weight without losing weight
• have recurrent fever
• have other signs of illness, such as cough, pain or swelling, increased thirst
• snores and suspects that you have breathing pauses while you sleep
• suspect that fatigue is caused by drugs
• have anxiety or are anxious
It can be a serious condition, but the cause can also be easy to treat for your doctor.

Good advice

What you can do immediately to relieve your fatigue is first and foremost to live healthy, eat right, exercise and sleep enough. Find a balance between activity, sleep and other rest so you feel good. Having regular habits facilitates balance. Eat nutritious food at regular times. Exercise makes you feel more vibrant.

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