Its name comes from the word “Talassa” which means “sea.”
It involves the therapeutic use of seawater and the various marine climatic and environmental factors. Water is taken away from the seashore, purified and sterilized to ensure its purity and cleanliness.
Thalassotherapy properties are based on some elements of the sea and its antitumor, antibacterial and antiviral characteristics.
The absorption of marine elements, such as iodine and sodium, make the skin renew and heal faster and better.
In addition, seaweed has antibiotic, antitumor, antioxidant, antiviral and delays skin aging effects. They are rich in vitamins A, B, C, E, F, and K, iron, calcium, proteins and minerals.
Sea air is rich in ozone and iodine, has relaxing and antibiotic properties, which increases the body’s defenses.
If the therapy is applied inside the sea, we will also obtain the effect of massage by the waves and the movement of the water.
The effects of thalassotherapy begin to occur around 7 days of treatment.
Within this therapeutic technique three aspects are considered:
- Seawater as a basic factor
- The techniques to use
- Products related to seawater such as algae, plankton, sediments, sludge, sand, among others.
Thalassotherapy is used to treat conditions such as:
- Pain in general
- Loss or decrease of physical vigor
- Some skin processes such as psoriasis
- Glandular problems
- Rheumatic diseases
- Muscle injuries
- Peripheral circulatory disorders
- Post Traumatic Sequels
- Psychic or emotional problems.
Marine water therapy is not recommended in cases of:
- Serious organic deterioration
- Decompensated heart disease
- Severe hypertension
- Acute fever
- Vascular processes in the evolutionary phase.
- Infectious pathologies
Some therapeutic techniques related to the use of thalassotherapy are
- Algotherapy: It is the use of fresh or dried seaweed. They can be worked by incorporating them into hot water or directly as poultices (seaweed wrappers). It is highly recommended in problems of insufficiency or glandular hypofunction and skin problems.
- Pyoid therapy (use of humanoid for therapeutic purposes) and pasammamotherapy (use of hot sand baths) use thalassotherapy for thermal purposes for osteoarticular, rheumatic or muscular disorders.
- Hydrokinesitherapy: Performing therapeutic exercises in seawater.
- Hydromassage: Controlled action of sea water jets, in this case. Ideal for circulatory and stress problems.