Sleepwalking – Definition, Symptoms, and Causes

Sleepwalking is a disorder that causes people to get up and walk while they are sleeping. Sleepwalking or what is commonly referred to as sleepwalking, usually occurs when a person moves the stage of the sleep wave, to the stage of a lighter sleep wave or to a state of wakefulness. People who experience it can not respond to any stimuli that are around it.

In general, people who experience sleepwalking do not have a memory of the activities they do. In some cases, someone might talk and do things that don’t make sense.

Sleep walking usually occurs in childhood, between the ages of 4-8 years. However, adults can also do it. Sleepwalking in adults is common, and is usually not associated with significant psychiatric or psychological disorders.

Symptoms of Sleep While Walking

If you meet a person who experiences sleepwalking, he usually only looks straight and looks like he doesn’t recognize you. Even though his eyes were opened and, looking like he was awake, he was actually still asleep. If you try to greet him, usually he will not respond or respond with raving answers.

Sleep disorders that occur in adults can involve more complicated behavior. Walking sickness in adults can cause disruption in work and social relationships with the surrounding environment.

Causes of Sleep While Walking

Sleepwalking is a disease inherited from family genetics. If you have parents or siblings who sleepwalk, you are 10 times more likely to experience sleepwalking than those who have no family history of the disease. In addition, this disease is also more likely to occur in those who are identical twins.

The following are things that can trigger or worsen your condition:

  • Having an irregular sleep schedule
  • I’m stressed
  • Taking hypnotic sedatives (which can make relaxation or sleep), neuroleptics (used to treat psychosis), stimulants (which increase activity), and antihistamines (used to treat allergic symptoms).

Medical conditions that have been linked to sleepwalking include:

  • Heart rhythm problems
  • Fever
  • Heartburn
  • Nighttime asthma
  • Nighttime seizures
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (a condition where you stop breathing briefly while sleeping)
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Psychiatric disorders, for example, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic attacks, or dissociative status, such as multiple personality disorder

Medical treatment for sleepwalking is needed when this sleep disturbance is caused by an underlying medical problem. In some cases, some doctors will prescribe some medications to control this disease.

Prevention of Sleep While Walking

There is no known way to truly prevent sleepwalking. However, certain steps can be taken to minimize risk, including:

  • Enough sleep
  • Don’t stress too much
  • Try meditating or doing relaxation exercises
  • Avoiding any form of stimulation (hearing or visual) before going to sleep

In the meantime, the following are steps that can be taken to prevent dangerous things from happening to you:

  • Get rid of sharp objects around the sleeping environment
  • If possible, sleep on a mattress not too far from the floor
  • Door and window locks
  • Place an alarm near the room door

Handling Sleep While Walking

If sleepwalking is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, obstructive sleep apnea, seizures, periodic leg movements, or restless leg syndrome, sleepwalking problems can stop after the underlying medical condition is treated.

Meanwhile, some medications may be needed to reduce the risk of injuries caused by sleepwalking, including:

  • Prosom
  • Klonopin
  • Trazodon

The use of the above drugs can be stopped after sleeping while walking has decreased in intensity. However, this disease can actually increase after drug use has stopped.

In addition to drug use, you can also try relaxation techniques or mental imaging. This method is preferred by people with sleep disorders while walking. Relaxation and mental image techniques are most effective when done with the help of a behavioral therapist or hypnotist. If symptoms continue to injure yourself or others, then the next step is to consult a mental specialist.

Although it may seem scary, sleepwalking is not a serious disorder because this condition can be treated effectively. The most important thing in the treatment of sleeping sickness is making sure that there are no other disorders or illnesses that accompany walking sleeping disease. In some cases, walking sickness can go away on its own.

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