Sinusitis – Symptoms and Causes

What is sinusitis? Sinusitis is inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses, the cavities that support the skull, are on the forehead, cheeks, back of the eyes, and behind the nose.

Healthy sinuses are filled with air. But when the sinus becomes blocked and filled with fluid, germs can grow and cause an infection called sinus disease.

Sinusitis is a disease that is very disturbing. There are several causes of sinusitis in sinus sufferers that must be known. Conditions that can cause sinus congestion or cause sinusitis are:

  • The common cold can cause sinus infections.
  • Allergic rhinitis, namely swelling of the nasal lining due to an allergic process.
  • The growth of small tissue in the lining of the nose is called nasal polyps.
  • Septal deviation, which is a shift in the middle border of the nasal cavity.

Sinusitis Symptoms Are

  • Acute sinusitis usually begins with sinusitis-like symptoms, which are runny eyes, nasal congestion and facial pain. Symptoms of sinusitis may appear suddenly and last 2-4 weeks.
  • Symptoms of sinusitis include chronic inflammation within 12 weeks or more.
  • Recurrent sinusitis occurs several times a year. Sinusitis symptoms that occur several times a year are more or less the same. Look at the characteristics of sinusitis that appear to determine whether sinusitis is caused by the common cold, allergic rhinitis, hypodermic polyps, or septal deviations that also often trigger symptoms of sinus infection.

Who has sinusitis?

About 35 million Americans get at least a sinusitis infection every year. Sinusitis is a fairly common disease. An introduction to the characteristics of sinusitis or sinusitis symptoms will be easier if you experience:

  • Swelling in the nose like a cold.
  • Blocked drainage channels.
  • Structural differences narrow the channel.
  • Nasal polyps.
  • Deficiency of the immune system or drugs that suppress the immune system.

For children, things that can cause sinusitis include:

  • Allergy.
  • Diseases of other children in care or school.
  • Dot.
  • Drink from the bottle while lying down.
  • Smoke in the environment…

Not only in children, sinusitis is a disease that can affect all ages, including adults. If the cause of sinusitis in children is due to exposure to smoke or dirty air in the school environment or the environment where it plays, sinus infections in adults usually have the main cause due to infection and smoking.

Symptoms of Acute Sinusitis

After knowing what sinusitis is, you also need to know the symptoms of sinusitis. Symptoms of acute sinusitis include:

  • Facial pain or pressure on the face.
  • “Stuffed” nose.
  • Cold.
  • Loss of smell.
  • Cough.

You may also experience:

  • Fever.
  • Bad breath.
  • Fatigue.
  • Tooth Pain.

You may have acute sinus infection if you have two or more symptoms, or a thick, green or yellow nasal mucus.

Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis

You may have these symptoms for 12 weeks or more:

  • Feelings of jams or fullness on your face.
  • Nasal congestion.
  • Fever.
  • Runny nose or colored snot.

You may experience headaches, bad breath, and toothache, and you may also feel tired.

How to treat sinusitis

Sinusitis is very common in society. In the discussion above, you also already know the cause of sinusitis. However, do you know how to treat sinusitis? There are several ways to treat sinusitis that you need to know. There are easy ways to treat sinusitis, and how to treat sinusitis with more complicated treatments.

Sinusitis treatment is determined according to the symptoms that appear at once depending on the cause of the sinusitis. Treatment of acute sinusitis can be done to relieve the symptoms of sinusitis that appears. You can consume decongestants or pain relievers. Don’t forget to ask your doctor for preventing inflammation. Consult medicines for sinus that you will use this according to doctor’s instructions.

Not only medicine, there is also a nasal spray that you can use to clean the nose so that the airway no longer feels blocked. If the doctor finds a sinus infection arising from bacteria, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to relieve it. With antibiotics, this bacterial infection will be suppressed. Usually the antibiotic dose has been determined and the drug must be finished so that there are no unwanted reactions.

However, there are times when someone who has tried to do sinus medicine feels that the symptoms of sinusitis felt by him are not healed. If this is the case, maybe your doctor will suggest performing sinusitis surgery.

Sinusitis surgery is performed to remove tissue that blocks sinus ducts in the nose, such as polyps. You can read more about sinus treatment and sinusitis surgery in the discussion on the next page.

Knowing the cause of sinus infections will make it easier for you and your doctor to agree on the most appropriate sinusitis treatment method.

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