Problems and bruises (hematoma)

When you get a sprain it causes pain, swelling and discoloration (blue staining). What happens is that small blood vessels and fibers in the tissue break down and the blood flows to adjacent tissues.

It’s almost the same thing that happens when you get a bruise. When the skin is hit hard, the blood vessels sometimes break. When you get a blue tint on the skin, it is the blood that is visible through.

What are bruises?

There are different types of bruises, such as a bump, a blue eye, a pork belly or a blue nail. A bruise, also called hematoma, is a shedding of blood in the skin. It is usually caused by a shock or blow. When you get a stroke, smaller blood vessels, capillaries can burst. If you get a bulge, on the other hand, you get a bruise, but due to lack of space the skin can bulge.

Why bruises look blue is because the color of the red blood is filtered through the skin and then assumes a bluish tone. When the bruise begins to heal, it changes color. Usually bruises disappear gradually for about two weeks. During the healing process, the mark may get a reddish to blue-black to green or yellow color. The yellowish color is due to a substance called bilirubin, it is a degradation product of hemoglobin.

Why do sprains occur?

When you sting or get a crunch, the ligaments are overstretched. Sometimes they can even get off. This is due to an excessive load. Often you get sprained when you pedal obliquely or fall over. When the ligaments are loaded incorrectly, they break. There may then be bleeding under the skin and the prickly place swells and hurts. In conjunction with sprains, you get a big bruise.

What to do in splinters?

The first and most important thing to do in splinters is to put a pressure dressing. For example, if you have broken the ankle, you should wrap the pressure bandage tightly around the joint. This should be done to reduce the swelling. When you have tightened the bandage, you should preferably keep the stretched part as high as possible. After about 20 to 30 minutes, the pressure bandage is released and the stretching is allowed to rest for one minute. After the rest, you tighten the bandage again, but this time less hard. Cooling has a soothing effect on splintering, but the effect that cooling has on the splintered area is questionable. This is because after removing the cold, an increased blood flow occurs in the injured body part.

How do you get started with the workout again after stretching?

When the worst pain and swelling has gone down you can gently begin to load the damaged area again. When you have rested for one to two days it is important that you start to move. It is important to move after two days of rest as the scarring of the damaged tissue is then reduced.

At the beginning of the first period it may be good to do strength exercises. It is good if you can be physically active without stressing the stretching area too much.

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