Perspiration – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Prickly heat is skin irritation caused by excessive sweating during hot and humid weather. Prickly heat can occur at any age but most often occurs in children.

Prickly heat often looks like a collection of small red pimples. Prickly heat is more common in the neck, upper chest, groin, under the breast, and elbow folds.

Causes of Perspiration

Prickly heat occurs when the sweat duct is blocked. This condition causes inflammation and rashes on the skin. It is not clear why the sweat channel is blocked, but certain factors below may be the cause of sweat, including:

1. Channels of sweat in infants

The sweat ducts in newborns are not fully developed. Baby’s skin can break more easily, and hold sweat under the skin. Prickly heat can appear in the first week of birth, especially if the baby is in an incubator, wearing thick clothes makes money too warm or the baby has a fever.

2. Tropical climate

Hot and humid weather like in Indonesia can cause prickly heat on the skin.

3. Physical activity

Regular exercise, hard work, or any activity that causes excessive sweating can cause prickly heat on the skin.

4. Wear thick

Overheating in the body generally due to dressing too thick, this condition can cause prickly heat.

5. Bed rest (bed rest)

Prickly heat can also occur in people who spend too much time in bed, especially those who are sick with fever.

Types of Prickly Sweat

Prickly heat or so-called miliaria usually appears several days after a person is exposed to heat exposure. As a result, the skin becomes inflamed and rashes develop.

The following are some types of prickly heat that appear on the skin:

1. Miliaria kristalina

Miliaria Kristalina is the lightest source of sweat, which usually occurs in infants and children and affects the outermost layers of the skin. Symptoms include the appearance of small resilience filled with clear fluid in the area of ​​the body covered by clothing. Miliaria crystalline is usually not accompanied by pain or itching.

2. Miliaria rubra

This type of prickly heat affects the deeper layers of the skin, and can arise in infants, children and adults. Symptoms can include nodules and red rashes accompanied by itching.

3. Miliaria profunda

Miliaria profunda is the most rare type of prickly heat and affects the innermost layers of the skin. Symptoms that arise in the form of rashes and reddish nodules with a larger size compared to Miliaria rubra. Usually occurs in adults and can be accompanied by pain and itching.

4. Miliaria pustulosa

Milaira pustulosa is a type of prickly heat with symptoms characterized by pus-filled resilience.

Miliria Risk Factors

The factors that cause more prone to prickly heat, are:

  • Newborns are most susceptible to prickly heat
  • People who live in the tropics are more likely to experience prickly heat
  • Physical activity or any activity that causes perspiration, especially those who don’t wear clothes that allow sweat to evaporate – can trigger prickly heat.

Anyone can experience prickly heat, especially when in a particular environment. Some individuals are more susceptible to prickly heat, including:

  • Children under 4 years of age
  • Athletes or people who exercise in a hot environment
  • Overweight or overweight people
  • Patients who are bedridden and unable to walk
  • Individuals with congenital defects cannot sweat or are only able to sweat a little

Prickly heat or also called stunted sweat occurs when the temperature is hot and humid. This condition occurs if you live or travel to tropical countries or wear clothing that makes the skin unable to breathe. Prickly heat will usually be more severe in the closed area. In some cases, people can experience prickly heat in the winter because of the clothes they wear.

In adults, excessive sweating can make the pores and sweat glands work excessively and clogged. Clogged sweat can irritate the skin and sweat stunts. In children, their sweat glands are still not formed properly and break easily, causing sweat to be trapped under the skin.

Symptoms of Prickly Sweat

Prickly heat usually appears as very small lumps at the entrance to the sweat glands. Further prickly heat may have a greater degree of irritation and scarring, and cause red bumps. Some people with prickly heat are itchy, while others may have no irritating symptoms.

Repeated scratching can cause a scratching scar. Skin lesions are usually seen in areas covered by clothing such as the chest, back and areas that are compressed or rubbed against clothing.

To note, every part of the body that secretes sweat glands has a risk of developing prickly heat. So that some parts of the body such as face, neck, back, stomach, groin, elbow and buttocks have a higher risk for prickly heat

Prickly Diagnosis

Prickly heat can heal by itself if the patient avoids hot air, but in severe cases and does not heal, it is better to consult with the nearest dermatologist. Usually, this disease can be diagnosed by looking directly, without the need for further examination.

Prickly heat treatment

Prickly heat will usually disappear by itself in a few days. But there are several ways to avoid and ways to eliminate prickly heat, including:

1. Avoid overheating

If you get excessive heat exposure, this will make you sweat more and make the rash worse. It is recommended to take shelter more often or find a cool place to avoid heat. In addition, drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.

2. Keep the skin cool

To reduce sweat and keep skin cool, soaking, bathing or getting into an air-conditioned room can help make the body feel cool and avoid excessive sweating.

3. Wear loose clothes

Avoid using clothes made from synthetic fibers, such as polyester. This material absorbs more heat and makes you sweat more.

The following medications you can use include:

  • Calamine lotion
  • Hydrocortisone cream
  • Antihistamine tablets
  • Topical steroids.

Consult with your doctor before using medication that requires a prescription.

If the rash does not improve with the treatment described, but it only gets worse after a few days, you should see a doctor to make sure there is no bacterial infection or other cause of prickly heat.

How to Get Rid of Sweat on the Face

In addition to treatment of body skin that is affected by prickly heat, the following natural ingredients can also be applied to the face affected by prickly heat, including:

1. Aloe vera

How to get rid of prickly heat on the face first using aloe vera. As you know, the antibacterial and antiseptic properties of aloe vera gel help reduce various types of skin rashes, including those caused by prickly heat. This will help relieve inflammation and also reduce the redness of the skin. Exceptional skin softener and hydration, also prevents the skin from dehydration.

How: Prepare aloe vera and cut it. Squeeze the natural gel in the leaves into a bowl. Then apply this gel to the part of the body affected by prickly heat and massage.

2. Potatoes

How to get rid of prickly heat on the next face is made from potatoes. Potatoes can relieve the sensation of itching and prickly because it soothes the skin. Potatoes are also an emollient (moisturizer).

How: Slice the potatoes and place the slices in the area affected by prickly heat. Leave the potatoes sliced ​​for 10-15 minutes. Rinse with cold water.

3. Watermelon

Furthermore, the watermelon has a soothing sensation, soothing and refreshing irritated skin. Watermelon also contains antioxidants that are useful as antiaging skin.

The trick: Prepare the watermelon, remove the seeds and make it into a paste. Apply watermelon paste to the skin affected by prickly heat for 15-20 minutes. then wash thoroughly with plain water. You can also drink a glass of watermelon juice to heal from the inside by hydrating the skin. Do this method once a day.

4. Ginger

In addition to herbs, ginger has been used by Asian cultures for a long time because of its medicinal properties. Ginger can also help relieve itching and stinging caused by prickly heat.

The trick: Grate fresh ginger and boil it in water. Allow the water to cool and then use a clean, soft cloth to rub on your skin with ginger solution. Leave on for 10-12 minutes then rinse. Do this method twice a day.

5. Papaya

How to get rid of prickly heat on this last face using papaya fruit. Besides being able to launch digestion, papaya can also relieve a burning sensation and also beneficial to relieve itching. Can also lock pores and exfoliate dead skin cells.

How: Pound papaya and apply on skin affected by prickly heat. Let stand for about 20 to 25 minutes before washing it with water. Do this every day or when needed.

Well, that’s the way to get rid of prickly heat that you can try at home, Healthy Friend! Good luck.

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