Perioral dermatitis (POD) – Symptoms, causes and treatment

Perioral dermatitis (POD) is a skin disease that causes rashes and other facial symptoms. Perioral dermatitis is a harmless disease that is not contagious, but it can be perceived as troublesome in appearance.

Perioral dermatitis can affect anyone, but the disease is most common in women between the ages of 20 and 30. The disease usually takes a few weeks or a few months from the first signs until all symptoms appear.

Perioral dermatitis can be confused with several different skin disorders with similar symptoms. Some examples are acne, rosacea and spleen dermatitis (seborrheic eczema). Blackheads are a type of acne and not linked to perioral dermatitis.

Symptoms of perioral dermatitis

Some of the most common symptoms of perioral dermatitis are:

  • Red rashes around the mouth, nose and eyes
  • Redness
  • Peeling
  • Burning or tingling sensation in the skin

The red rashes are usually the first sign of the disease. The rash develops into small bumps that can burn, knit or scaly. Characteristic of perioral dermatitis is that the area closest to the lips is unaffected. If it stings or stings, it is important not to itch because it can aggravate the symptoms.

Causes of perioral dermatitis

The causes of perioral dermatitis are not clear. What one knows is that the disease is inflammatory and that it is not due to allergy. Outbreaks or deterioration of perioral dermatitis are often linked to certain factors. Some of them are:

  • Use of strong cortisone cream
  • Fat creams and oils
  • Excessive laundry
  • Covering makeup

Treatment of perioral dermatitis

Perioral dermatitis is sometimes treated with drugs in the form of creams or gels. Antibiotics may also be an option. If you choose to treat the disease you often have to try different methods over a longer period of time. It may take four weeks before the effects of a particular drug can be assessed for perioral dermatitis.

In other cases, learning to avoid the triggering factors of the disease may be enough to feel better. If you end up with cortisone cream, fatty creams and oils, covering makeup and other triggering factors you usually get better. The disease may initially deteriorate slightly before it gets better.

It is unusual for perioral dermatitis to become a chronic disorder. The more common is that the disease recedes within a few months without getting any scars. The disease does not usually return after the rash has disappeared. In exceptional cases, it may come back after a few years.

When should you seek care?

If you suspect that you have perioral dermatitis, you should contact a health care center.

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