Parkinson’s Disease and Parkinsonism

What is Parkinson?

Parkinson’s disease is a disorder or abnormality that occurs in the nervous system. Parkinson’s is a disease that affects the nervous system in the brain that produces dopamine.

Parkinson’s disease causes degenerative central nerves, especially the brain, causing an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain and causes a person to be affected by tremors or stiffness in body movements.

Parkinson’s is a disease that will cause movement disorders, even in severe cases it will cause inability to move. Abnormalities that occur in the nervous system will occur continuously for years.

If not treated by a doctor, Parkinson’s sufferers can experience a decrease in quality of life, because sufferers cannot carry out their daily activities as they should.

Basically, someone who has experienced Parkinson’s disease can no longer be completely cured. However, serious and periodic treatment by a doctor can help control the body movements of Parkinson’s sufferers in order to remain able to move.

The cause of parkinsonism cannot be known with certainty. However, experts have determined several risk factors that could be the cause of Parkinson’s.

What Causes Parkinson’s?

One of the causes of Parkinson’s disease is due to old age. Parkinson’s is a disease that often attacks people who are elderly.

However, the risk of Parkinson’s disease can also occur in someone who is young. If a person experiences Parkinson’s symptoms when he is young or not elderly, one of the risk factors that is strongly suspected to be the cause of Parkison’s suffering is a genetic disorder or a hereditary factor.

Apart from age and due to hereditary factors, one of the other causes of Parkinson’s is due to exposure to certain chemicals that are constantly dangerous. Exposure to chemicals that are harmful and can interfere with the function of dopamine in the brain can cause Parkinson’s symptoms.

If dopamine dysfunction occurs, Parkinson’s symptoms can occur in both elderly people and young people.

When there are problems with certain nerve cells in the brain, usually nerve cells will make an important chemical called dopamine. Dopamine sends signals to the part of the brain that controls movement.

This allows your muscles to move smoothly and do what you want to do. When you have Parkinson’s, these nerve cells are damaged. As a result you no longer have enough dopamine and you have difficulty moving as desired.

Also, be aware, Parkinson’s is a progressive disease which means its condition can get worse over time. The worsening of this condition usually occurs slowly.

However, if you get good care, it can help you live a better life. The treatment or treatment of Parkinson’s by a doctor can help sufferers of this disease to be able to move as normal as possible when it is still not experiencing this disease.

Nobody knows for sure what makes these nerve cells damage. Scientists are looking for many possible causes, including aging and toxins in the environment. The abnormal gene seems to cause Parkinson’s disease in some people.

But so far, there is not enough evidence to show that this disease is genetically inherited. So, to find out the causes and risk factors for Parkinson’s disease, further research and studies need to be done by experts.


Parkinsonism is a form of parkinsonism. Parkisonism is a more general term used to refer to a collection of symptoms that are commonly associated with Parkinson’s disease but sometimes originate from other causes.

This difference is important because several other causes can be treated, while other causes do not respond to treatment. Other causes of parkinsonism include:

  • Side effects of certain drugs taken for a long period of time.
  • Use of illegal drugs.
  • Exposure to environmental toxins.
  • Stroke.
  • Thyroid and parathyroid disorders.
  • Recurrent head trauma (for example, trauma associated with boxing and some concussions).
  • Brain tumor.
  • Excessive fluid around the brain (called hydrocephalus).
  • Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) resulting from infection.

Parkinson’s can also be present in people with other neurological conditions, including Alzheimer’s, Lewy body disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Wilson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease.

Knowing the understanding of Parkinson’s alone is not enough to be able to do the right treatment for Parkinson’s sufferers. You can read the next page to find out more complete discussion about this progressive nerve damage disease.

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