Obsessive compulsions (OCD)

Compulsive thoughts and compulsive actions are something that affects those with obsessive-compulsive disorder and these are often associated with one another. However, obsessions can also occur completely alone. Compulsive thoughts are something that persists, they are thoughts that interfere with everyday life and you have fantasies that give rise to anxiety, anxiety and disgust. Many times the compulsive actions are performed such as repeated behaviors or rituals to get rid of unpleasant thoughts and feelings.

When you talk about obsessive-compulsive disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, you also talk about OCD. It is an abbreviation for the English term obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Symptoms and expressions of obsession

Obsessive compulsions and obsessive-compulsive disorder include thoughts, impulses, and inner images, all of which are perceived as intrusive to the victim. It feels like you can’t control them with your own will and the patient can get feelings of discomfort, fear, shame and disgust. Performing certain coercive actions is done to alleviate the discomfort that arises and they can be invisible mental rituals but also visible and physical acts. Common such thoughts can be worrying about forgetting to lock the door, shut down all appliances at home or “what if I push that person down for a dive”. Common coercive acts that are not visible outwardly may be to repeat certain things or words quietly to oneself or to feel compelled to count in a certain pattern. Forced actions that can be seen outwardly toward others are intense washing of hands or other parts of the body, that you have to touch certain things a certain number of times or that you have routines to check if all doors are locked or that all lamps are off.

There are two periods in life that compulsive symptoms often occur. It is partly in the age of 10, and partly in the age of 20. Some children develop this quickly and once they have obsessive thoughts, they spend at least an hour a day, and often longer, for different rituals or thoughts. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is somewhat more common in boys than in girls. The disease can be inherited but not in the form of the act itself but only the tendency to just get obsessive-compulsive disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder

The doctor invests in the patient to determine the extent to which obsessive thoughts affect the patient’s life. Often, the doctor or psychologist also observes the compulsory actions themselves to see how they express themselves. In order for the patient to be diagnosed, the obsessive thoughts or compulsions need to be troublesome, take more than an hour a day to perform or be disruptive in everyday life.

Treatment of obsessive thoughts

If you seek help for your obsessions and behaviors, there are high chances of getting better or completely good with the help of behavioral therapy and drug treatment. You can combine the two or test each one separately. Behavioral therapy usually works best on obsessive-compulsive actions, but has a lesser effect on obsessive-compulsive disorder. The therapy is based on two different components called exposure and response prevention. The patient is usually treated between 15-20 times. Combining this treatment with medicine gives it a better effect and it is often preparations such as antidepressants used. About half of those who are being medicated will be helped, but unfortunately the symptoms may recur if you stop taking the medicine.

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