The fact that you get nosebleeds is because the superficial blood vessels that are in the nose are broken. Nosebleeds are divided into anterior and posterior bleeding, the anterior nasal bleeding is the most common and the posterior is uncommon but more severe.
The blood vessels are sensitive and if you are cold and they swell up blood vessels can burst just by a simple sneezing or a blow to the nose. Traumas, fractures, and pressure against the nose are other reasons why you may get nosebleeds. Blood thinning medicine, dry air and excessive petting in or on the nose can also cause nosebleeds. Some diseases that are unusual can also cause nosebleeds.
Symptoms of nasal blood
It is usually from the anterior part of the nose, from the nasal septum, that it bleeds. They have small superficial blood vessels that can easily burst and start bleeding. This may be because the mucous membrane of the nose is dry and damaged as it can get rid of cold and dry weather, for example.
Colds, allergies, tingling in the nose and excessive use of nasal spray can also cause nosebleeds.
Hemostatic batting when bleeding
If you have been affected by nosebleeds, sit up and lean forward. If you sit back, blood can come down your throat and make you feel ill. The easiest way is to use hemostatic bait which is available at pharmacies. The pad stops the bleeding quickly and the injury heals faster. When removing the wad, it does not matter if the wadding remains in the wound because it is broken down by the body.
If you know that you get nasal bleeding easily or use an anticoagulant, it is good to have an emulsion at home.
If it does not stop bleeding
If you have no batting, the recommendation is to squeeze the softer parts of the nose that sit just below the nostril and hold there for about 10 minutes. If the bleeding does not subside, you can use a cotton swab that you soak in cooking oil or petroleum jelly and insert it into the nose, squeeze again for 10 minutes and then leave the cotton swab for a couple of hours. Oil is used to prevent the cotton pad from getting stuck in the wound crust.
If it does not stop bleeding after 30 minutes, consult a doctor or hospital for treatment. Another way is to test to suck on ice cubes or put an ice bag on the forehead and nose as cold causes the blood vessels to contract. If you have recurrent bleeding, it is good to contact the health care center for an examination. If the bleeding does not stop on its own, the doctor may also need to perform an intervention that involves etching or burning the blood vessels that cause the bleeding itself. In cases where you have a back bleed, it is important that you receive care, as well as be admitted to hospitals where you can be observed and treated.
So you avoid getting nosebleeds
Avoid piercing the nose, a sharp nail gives light nose blood. If you are cold, it is common with swollen blood vessels, then try to dry your nose gently instead of cheating. It is also possible to rinse the nose with saline solution that can be purchased at the pharmacy. In addition, you can mix to your own saline solution.
Try to avoid certain drugs that can cause nosebleeds, this is primarily the case for medicines taken through the nose. You can also spray with nasal oil to reduce dryness and irritation.