Narcissism is a personality disorder in which a person considers himself to be very important and has a need to be highly admired. The word narcissistic comes from a Greek myth where a handsome young man named Narcissus saw his own reflection in a pool of water and fell in love with it.
Getting to Know More What is Narcissistic
But behind such high self-esteem, the person actually has a fragile and easily collapsed confidence with just a little criticism. This disorder can affect various aspects of life if not handled properly. If you meet someone who claims to be the one who is the most ‘right’, you may have a mental disorder called narcissism.
Selfishness and arrogance are always present in every human being, but a narcissist has an extreme selfish and arrogant. Narcissists not only have excessive self-confidence, but also don’t value feelings or ideas and ignore the needs of others.
But there is a difference between being selfish, often called narcissistic, and having a narcissistic personality disorder, which is a mental illness. Common symptoms that can be recognized include:
The person thinks of himself for most of the time and talks a lot about himself.
- Thirst for attention and admiration.
- Exaggerating his talents and achievements.
- Believe that he is special.
- Setting unrealistic goals.
- Have a fast mood change.
- Having a hard time attracting others’ hearts.
- Trying to win, no matter what.
- Fantasize about unlimited success, money and power.
A narcissist may appear to have high self-esteem, but it could actually be the opposite. There was a deep sense of insecurity behind his large exterior. The narcissistic person wants others to be jealous of himself, but actually he is a person who has a great jealousy and feels threatened by the achievements of others.
Relationships with others are often short-lived and easily broken with a problem and then leave a trail of feelings of hurt later on.
Narcissists get sick easily, but either choose not to show pain or tend to overreact by displaying excessive anger. Narcissists can’t stand being criticized. He makes excuses and refuses to be blamed for his weaknesses and failures.
Someone who has a narcissistic personality cannot listen and often interrupt. This type of personality tends to communicate in one direction and does not give others the opportunity to talk.
A person can become a narcissist and not be bothered by it. To the extent that it does not interfere with daily life, it has not been called a mental disorder.
This proves that most people are interested in narcissism and find themselves attractive, fun, and easily liked. While successful leaders often tend to be more assertive and demanding.
There are no laboratory tests to confirm mental disorders. If there are noticeable changes in a person’s personality, the doctor may do a physical examination, blood test, or brain scan to rule out physical ailments. If for no apparent reason, a psychiatrist or psychologist will ask a series of specific questions to measure personality.
Many professionals use a Narcissistic Personality Inventory questionnaire, which lists 40 questions that measure things that lead to narcissistic such as how much someone needs attention or how much someone is hungry for power.
Narcissistic traits usually begin to emerge during preadolescent or teenage years, when personalities are being formed. However, narcissistic can also be revealed since the age of 8 years, when children begin to interact frequently with their friends.
A recent study says, many people are ready to admit to being narcissistic. Researchers say they may be proud and not feel that narcissism is a mental disorder or a weakness.
The exact cause is unknown, but there are several theories that explain why narcissistic can occur. Many think the cause of narcissism is a mixture of various things, from how people deal with stress with how they are raised. According to a study, parents who place their children with endless praise can plant narcissistic seeds.
Conversely, children who are neglected or abused tend to survive with selfishness. They feel the need to show who they are so that other people don’t ignore them anymore.
Psychotherapy is a method that can help overcome narcissism. The aim is to build self-esteem, and guide them to have more realistic expectations.
There is no medicine to treat narcissistic mental disorders, but if there are symptoms of depression and anxiety that sometimes go hand in hand with narcissists, there are drugs that help to cope with the condition according to the accompanying symptoms. If the symptoms of depression are more dominant, then the patient is given antidepressant medication, whereas if anxiety is dominant, anxiety medication will be given. Of course, the prescription must be given by a psychiatrist.
In children, experts suggest that parents do not give too much praise. It would be better if praise was given naturally. Whereas parents who pay less attention to their children – also need to increase their attention so that children have personalities that can be relied on and can be useful for their future lives.