Medically Reviewed by Dr. David Costa Navarro
What is Meniere’s disease?
Meniere’s disease is an ear disease, which preferentially affects older people, characterized by recurrent and very debilitating dizziness.
How it manifests itself
The most frequent symptoms are: dizziness, buzzing sometimes associated with loss of hearing, nausea, vomiting and loss of balance. These symptoms are caused by an increase in pressure of the liquid contained inside the ear, which gives a sense of richness in the affected ear. The frequency of the onset of attacks varies from a few weeks to years; each attack lasts from a few hours to a full day and then gradually disappears.
What are the risks
In addition to a permanent drop in hearing, the main risk during the attack is loss of balance since the organ responsible for this function is inside the ear itself. Although it occurs mainly in one ear, in 10-15% of cases it can affect both ears.
What should be done
- During the attack you must lie down keeping your head as still as possible, avoiding sudden and fast movements until the disappearance of hums and nausea.
- During the attack, it is advisable not to carry out potentially dangerous activities such as: driving, working with machine tools, climbing ladders and walking without help.
- It is advisable not to drink abundantly and not to eat salty foods because they increase the pressure of liquids inside the ear with worsening symptoms.
- Drug treatment should be decided by the doctor after the diagnosis of Meniere’s Syndrome has been made. The drugs can only alleviate some symptoms such as: loss of balance, nausea and vomiting and possibly pain.
- Surgery may be necessary in extreme cases.