One of the body’s sensory organs is the sense of smell. If the sense of smell is lost it is also called anosmia and is not uncommon.
The loss of smell can come after a nasal congestion and is not serious. Often one may have lost the sense of smell during a cold.
Humans have about 350 types of odor receptors, but we can distinguish more than 10,000 different smells. To lose the sense of smell can for many be very hard and tedious. The sense of smell is largely related to the sense of taste.
Why is it hard to lose the sense of smell?
Almost everything that exists emits substances that smell. The substances are called fragrance molecules or fragrances. There are millions of nerve cells in the mucous membrane of our noses. Each cell has an air receiver. In total, we have 350 air receivers in the nose, these are called fragrance receptors. The fragrance receptors sense fragrances as we exhale through the nose. The receptors activate a process that allows us to feel smells.
Causes of lost sense of smell
There may be various reasons for losing the sense of smell. For example, nasal polyps, infections, head injuries, and central nervous system disorders may be contributing factors. Certain drugs and exposure to certain toxic substances can also be causes.
Nasal congestion is one of the most common causes of a decreased sense of smell. The nasal congestion may be due to prolonged colds. One reason why you get nasal congestion may be because you have been using non-prescription nasal drops for longer than ten days.
Stroke to the head can also damage the sense of smell, even smoking and medication affect the sense of smell and taste. Usually, the trouble goes away by itself after a while, but sometimes an investigation is needed to find out the cause. With age, the sense of smell and taste also deteriorates.
What can you do yourself if you lose your sense of smell?
There are various things you can do to help if you lose your sense of smell. For example, you can try antihistamines, as these can help if the cause is related to allergies. Nasal remedies should be avoided as they may lead to a recurring nasal congestion. If you have completely lost the sense of smell, you should improve the safety of the home with the help of a smoke detector and electrical appliances. Gas and tar are something that can be difficult to sense the smell, and it can in turn be dangerous if there is a leak.
Should one have lost the sense of smell with increasing age, there is no treatment that can fix the problem. However, if one loses the sense of smell due to other causes, it can sometimes return to normal by itself.
Can it be good again if you lose your sense of smell?
It can be very difficult to have lost the sense of smell, both for smells that can give memories but also dangerous smells you need to feel, such as fire smoke or if the food has become poor.
If you have strong sneezes that form mucus, it can cause a worse sense of smell. What you can do to fix such a problem is to try a cortisone cure. When the mucous membrane is swollen, it can result in the fragrances not reaching the olfactory nerves. Sometimes the mucosal swelling is difficult to treat, but you can always test a cortisone spray and see if it helps. Should one notice that their sense of smell or taste has deteriorated, it may be worth contacting a doctor. It is not common, but sometimes a decreased sense of smell may be due to various cancers.