Laryngitis

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Last Medical Review: March 26, 2020
Medically Reviewed by Dr. David Costa Navarro
Laryngitis (March 26, 2020)

What is that

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx, that is, of the organ responsible for the emission of the voice. Generally laryngitis occurs in acute form following a viral (more frequently) or bacterial infection; it often accompanies the so-called cold diseases, such as cold and flu or follows other diseases such as measles and chicken pox. Chronic laryngitis, which is more frequent in men and in old age, can follow repeated acute inflammatory episodes and is favored by excessive use of the voice, by the habit of smoking and by the intake of alcoholic beverages, by prolonged inhalation of irritating gases, dusts and vapors.

How it manifests itself

It is characterized by a sensation of dryness and burning in the throat, dry and irritated cough, by changes in the voice, ranging from a slight hoarseness to the complete temporary loss of the voice.

What should be done

  • Don’t speak unless strictly necessary.
  • Avoid sudden changes in temperature.
  • Eliminate irritative stimuli, primarily smoking and hard alcoholic beverages.
  • Ensure adequate humidification of the environment; take plenty of liquid drinks.
  • Inhalations or aerosols with balsamic substances or with decongestants prescribed by the doctor may be useful.

When to seek medical attention

Medical attention is necessary above all in the case of frequent laryngitis, which tend to become chronic, or in the case of acute laryngitis which does not improve within a few days, despite the adoption of the measures indicated above.

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