An inguinal hernia is a protrusion from an organ in the body to an undue location due to weakness of the supporting structure. Hernias themselves have various types, ranging from scrotal hernias, femoral hernias to uncalis hernias. The naming of this hernia is based on its location.
Inguinal hernias occur when a portion of the intestine comes out of the abdominal cavity through the lower abdominal wall in the direction around the genitals. This makes a lump in the scrotum, which can feel painful or hot.
To note, inguinal hernias can be divided into direct or indirect. Direct inguinal hernias result from weakening of the inguinal area and are more common in men aged 40 years and over. Whereas inguinal hernia is not directly caused by weakening of the inner inguinal ring.
Although inguinal hernia is a harmless condition, this condition risks leading to complications that can be life-threatening. To treat inguinal hernias that are painful and enlarged, the doctor will usually recommend surgery to restore the position of the intestine and close the gap that causes the hernia.
Causes of Inguinal Hernia
Inguinal hernias occur when a tissue from the abdominal cavity (stomach) pushes through a weak spot in the groin muscle. This causes a bulge in the groin or scrotum.
In some cases, inguinal hernias occur because holes in the muscles of the groin area do not close properly before the baby is born, leaving a weak area in the abdominal muscles. Hernias can occur soon after birth or later in life.
While adults who are normal at birth can also experience hernias if they are overweight or perform many activities such as lifting, coughing for long periods of time, or straining frequently. Although this disease is more common in men, a woman can get a hernia when she is pregnant due to increased pressure on her stomach wall.
Symptoms of Inguinal Hernia
The main symptom of an inguinal hernia is a bulge in the groin or scrotum. Inguinal hernias often feel like round bumps. Protrusion can form for several weeks or months. In fact, a lump may appear suddenly after you have lifted a heavy burden, coughing, bending, tense, or laughing. Hernias may be painful, but some hernias cause painless bumps.
Hernias can also become swollen, painful, or cause a burning sensation due to tongs from prominent organs. These symptoms will improve when the person lies down, and lifts his feet higher than the position of the head when lying down.
When sufferers complain of sudden pain, nausea, and vomiting, then these are signs that part of the intestine has been trapped in the hernia. Call a doctor if the hernia has developed into that.
This condition makes the intestine will lack of oxygen and blood intake, which in turn will cause necrosis or incarcerated hernia. If not treated immediately, this results in intestinal cell death.
It is recommended to see a doctor immediately if you experience pain or a hernia lump changes color to red, purple, or dark.
Treatment of Inguinal Hernia
Inguinal hernias can be treated through surgical procedures to push back the lump and to strengthen the weak parts of the abdominal wall. This procedure will be done if the hernia causes symptoms that are quite severe and if complications arise that are quite serious. Surgery is the only way to treat a hernia. Hernia surgery is called a herniotomy or herniorrhaphy.
Meanwhile, if the hernia does not disturb the patient, the surgical procedure does not have to be done immediately. In some cases, small, painless hernias may not need surgery. However, if the patient continues to undergo a routine of lifting heavy loads, or frequent coughing and straining, hernias can develop into severe symptoms as described above.
Even so, many people who still do the surgery even though the hernia has not shown severe symptoms. This is done to avoid the severity of the disease when a part of the intestine is trapped in the hernia, which causes intestinal necrosis.
To note, infants and children are more likely to experience a pinch in the hernia. If your child has a hernia, he needs surgery to improve his condition.
A number of ways you can do to reduce the likelihood of a hernia is, maintain an ideal body weight, avoid lifting heavy loads, do not push too often to push and smoke. And lastly, keep your body condition so you don’t get constipated. Eat foods high in fiber and drink eight glasses of liquid per day.