When young children scream intensely for several hours at a time and also recur at a certain time of day, it is usually called infant colic. It is common for children to have it. There are many ways to help the child.
Infant colic is not a disease and is not dangerous. Colic is most common between two weeks of age and five months of age.
Colic is often most troublesome at six to eight weeks of age.
Infant colic is sometimes called three-month colic or colic.
Symptoms of infant colic
A common description of colic is that a child who is otherwise healthy cries intensely three hours in a row for several days in a row for several days in a row. But there are no exact limits.
The screaming periods usually come in a clear 24-hour pattern, usually during the latter part of the day and evening. The child often screams so much that they become red with effort. In addition to them screaming a lot, it can also seem like they have a stomach ache. For example, they can pull their knees up to their stomach or vice versa, stretch their legs and stretch them straight out. You can sometimes hear how the noise and movement in the stomach. The child may also seem to have difficulty bumping.
It can be difficult to determine what the child’s screaming is due to. For example, it may be because the child is tired, gets too little food or has colic. Here you can read more about why young children scream.
One reason may be the feeding
One reason for the child screaming may be that feeding does not work satisfactorily. A child may have colic regardless of breastfeeding or receiving breast milk replacement, also called breast milk replacement.
You may need to see how it works practically with feeding and if you can make changes that help the baby. Maybe it might work to take a break in breastfeeding. Sometimes some children can suck eagerly and swallow a lot of air. In these children it can sometimes help to take breaks in the feeding and then try again.
If you are giving breast milk replacement, you can test with smaller holes in the vial on the bottle. It causes the milk to flow more slowly and then the baby swallows less air, which is good for the intestines.
If you are breastfeeding, it is important that the child has as much of the spring yard as possible and that the lips are folded. Otherwise, the baby may get air and it may cause gas in the intestines. You can try milking out of the breast a little first so that the breast milk comes a little slower.
If the child needs to scavenge for food, there will be a rap. It can reduce any tension in the stomach.
You can get help so that feeding works better via bvc or a breastfeeding clinic.
If the child stops crying inconsolably when you have examined how feeding works, then feeding may have been the problem. But if the problems do not go over, you can move on to other methods to help them. See suggestions below. Some you can test on your own, other methods after contact with the health care.
Tips on things you can do yourself
For example, you can test this to help the child:
- Let them be close, try infant massage or carry the baby in a harness or over the shoulder. In some bvc, a free course in infant massage is offered.
- Try using a comfort button if the child has a clear suction need.
- Try to quit smoking, nicotine adversely affects the baby’s bowel movements. Colic is more common if the mother smokes. Do you want to stop smoking? Here you will find tips.
- Some breastfeeding people feel that it helps to exclude a certain diet, that the baby’s stomach will be better then. Talk to bvc to find out more.
- You can also try to avoid all forms of caffeine, such as coffee and other caffeinated beverages.
- Little boy valve can sometimes work. Try when the baby is calm. Nozzle valve is a disposable pipe that you carefully insert into the rectum and that allows gas to come out.
- If you can predict the screaming periods, you can try giving the baby a bath or massaging the baby just before.
It is important to remember that colic is not because you as a parent have made a mistake.
Although colic is not dangerous, having a child with colic is stressful. Frustration, helplessness and powerlessness are common feelings when your child has colic.
You can get very tired when you have a child who screams a lot. Try to remember that the screams will subside.
Don’t shake your baby
Shaking a child to stop them screaming is life threatening. Just a few seconds of shaking is enough to cause lasting damage.
If you feel that you are about to lose control, it is better to put the child away safely in his bed even if they scream. And then go out of the room for a while.
Other tips are to sleep in shifts and take help from relatives or friends.
After contact with bvc or doctor you can test this
If you are breastfeeding you can, after contact with the health care, try to exclude cow’s milk protein food for one to two weeks to see if it helps. If it helps and you continue to refrain from cow’s milk, you need lime tablets in consultation with bvc. Some research suggests that some children will be better off if they do not receive cow’s milk through breastfeeding.
If the child receives breast milk replacement and you suspect the child is hypersensitive to cow’s milk, you can contact bvc so that the child is examined by a doctor. In consultation with your doctor or nurse, you can choose which breast milk replacement is most appropriate.
Some parents feel that stomach drops can help with colic. Feel free to talk to your bvc nurse before trying gastric drops, which are available for purchase at a pharmacy.
When and where should I seek care?
In most cases, you do not need to seek care for your child because the hassles usually go by themselves.
If the child screams for many and many days in a row or if a parent is exhausted, you can turn to the childcare center, for advice and support. The child should then be examined, mainly to rule out that the screaming is due to something other than colic
Seek care at an emergency room if the child has one or more of the following symptoms:
- Your child screams for much of the day and cannot be comforted.
- Your child screams at intervals.
- Your child seems to be lethargic and does not want to eat or drink.