High Cholesterol – A Short Review

Cholesterol is a fat that the body needs to function normally. Cholesterol is used as a building structure for many body structures as well as chemicals and other bodily hormones that are essential for bodily activities.

Cholesterol itself has a type of bad cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein) and good cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein). Besides cholesterol, another body fat that circulates in the blood is triglycerides. High cholesterol levels are due to various factors including heredity, diet, and lifestyle.

To note, the body does not need a lot of cholesterol. When the amount of cholesterol is excessive, the excess will be stored along the arterial wall, thereby reducing the amount of blood flow to various parts of the body.

High cholesterol is one of the risk factors that can cause atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), including heart attack, TIA (transient ischemic attack), stroke, and peripheral arterial disease.

Examples of high cholesterol foods include:

  • Egg yolk.
  • Scallops and shrimp.
  • Processed meat such as smoked meat.
  • Grill foods such as cakes and bread made with animal fats such as animal fats and butter.
What is High Cholesterol?

Hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol is a condition of excess cholesterol in the body. The body uses cholesterol to produce lots of hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids which help digest fat.

It takes only a small amount of cholesterol in the blood to meet this need. If someone has too much cholesterol in the bloodstream, the excess can be stored along the walls of the arteries, including the coronary heart arteries, carotid arteries that lead to the brain, and arteries that supply blood to the legs and intestines.

Cholesterol deposits are components of plaque that cause narrowing and blockage of the arteries, this causes blood supply to certain areas of the body to decrease, resulting in signs and symptoms that originate from these particular body parts.

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