Hepatitis: Types of Hepatitis, Symptoms, and How to Treat it

Hepatitis symptoms need to be known to prevent the progression of hepatitis to become more severe. Hepatitis is a condition where inflammation in the liver occurs. According to the cause there are various types of viral hepatitis namely hepatitis A, B, and C. Because hepatitis consists of several types, this disease has different symptoms and treatments. Hepatitis is a dangerous disease if left untreated, because the symptoms of hepatitis can develop into liver cancer if not treated properly medically. Then, the question arises, is hepatitis contagious? Find out more information about hepatitis by reading this article.

Most people infected with hepatitis are not sure how they can get this disease. Moreover, not all hepatitis sufferers will experience the same type of hepatitis as other patients. Hepatitis is a dangerous disease because sometimes people with hepatitis just understand that they have hepatitis when the symptoms of hepatitis have entered the chronic stage. The number of people who lay with symptoms of hepatitis makes Indonesia one of the ASEAN countries with the highest hepatitis.

Some Types of Hepatitis

The cause of hepatitis can be caused by a viral infection or not due to a viral infection. You certainly already know if there are several types of hepatitis. The cause of hepatitis A is the hepatitis A virus. The cause of hepatitis B is the hepatitis B virus, the cause of hepatitis C is the hepatitis C virus, the cause of hepatitis D is the hepatitis D virus, while the cause of hepatitis E is the hepatitis E. virus

If someone has already contracted the hepatitis virus, then the symptoms that appear will vary. However, in some cases of hepatitis, the symptoms appear not because of a viral infection, but because of an autoimmune reaction or because the patient consumes too much alcohol or is exposed to harmful toxins/chemicals.

Hepatitis is a disease with varied symptoms

Symptoms of hepatitis can be one of the markers a person needs to see himself to the doctor to undergo hepatitis treatment. Not everyone with hepatitis will experience symptoms of hepatitis. In general, if symptoms of hepatitis occur in sufferers, it will cause:

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle aches or joint pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Abdominal pain.

To note, hepatitis is a disease that shows symptoms with varying degrees. Symptoms can be mild but also severe for some people, including:

  • Dark urine.
  • Light colored stool.
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin, palms, and whites of the eyes).
  • Unspecified itching feeling.
  • Mental changes, such as fainting, become confused or comatose.
  • Bleeding in the body

How to treat hepatitis

How to treat hepatitis is done depending on the type of hepatitis suffered by the patient. In general, hepatitis sufferers should get plenty of rest, avoid alcohol, and take medicine to help relieve symptoms.

  • Liver transplantation may be needed for liver failure caused by hepatitis B or C.
  • Most people who suffer from hepatitis A and E will recover on their own after a few weeks.
  • Hepatitis B is treated with antiviral drugs, such as lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil. Hepatitis C is treated with a combination of peginterferon and ribovarin.

Hepatitis that does not get good care can cause cirrhosis, which is a serious scar tissue in the liver that can cause liver cancer. See a doctor when a friend or family member has the disease. There is a risk that you can become infected with hepatitis. As is known, hepatitis can also be caused by infections, viruses, chemicals, alcohol, drug use and other factors.

Is Hepatitis Spread?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a virus. Applying good hygiene, including frequent hand washing, is one of the best ways to protect yourself from hepatitis. Then, is this disease contagious?

  • Hepatitis A

About 20,000 people in the United States experience this type of hepatitis each year. The hepatitis A virus is found in the feces of an infected person. The disease is spread through contaminated food or water or from sexual contact. The hepatitis A epidemic was also experienced by several IPB students in early December 2015 and claimed 1 life. Because this virus strain is very deadly, late handling can endanger a person’s life.

To note, children who get hepatitis A often do not have symptoms, so the infection is unknown. Fortunately, children are now routinely vaccinated against hepatitis A.

Most people who get hepatitis A can recover completely within two weeks to six months. This type of hepatitis virus also does not leave liver damage. In rare cases, hepatitis A can cause liver failure to death.

  • Hepatitis B

Every year, around 40,000 people in the United States are infected with this type of hepatitis. Acute hepatitis B lasts from several weeks to several months. Many infected people can get rid of the virus when it is still in the acute phase.

However, some people also find the virus stays in the body resulting in chronic hepatitis B infection, which is a serious condition that cannot be cured. Chronic hepatitis B will progress to more serious health problems, such as liver damage, cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer. Some people die from this disease.

Hepatitis can be prevented by avoiding risk factors and modes of transmission as mentioned previously. In addition, the most effective way to prevent hepatitis is to carry out immunizations or vaccinations against hepatitis.

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