Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are swelling of blood vessels in the rectum area. Hemorrhoidal veins are located in the lowest area of the rectum and anus. Sometimes the veins swell so that the walls of blood vessels become pliant, thin, and painful when passing stool or stool. Hemorrhoids are classified into two general categories: internal and external hemorrhoids.
This is located far enough in the rectum that it cannot be seen or felt. Internal hemorrhoids are usually not injured because there are some nerve nerves in the rectum. Bleeding may be the only sign that they are there. Occasionally the internal hemroid becomes prolapsed, or enlarges and protrudes out of the anal sphincter. When this happens, sufferers may be able to see or feel this internal hemorrhoidal vein as a cushion of pink mucous skin that protrudes from the surrounding area. Prolapsed hemorrhoids can be injured. Internal hemorrhoids that prolapse in the early stages can still enter the rectum themselves; if the stage increases, then often the patient needs to re-enter the internal hemorrhoids by gently being pushed back into place until the final stage when the hemorrhoids really cannot be pushed back in, that means they have reached the final stage.
External hemorrhoids are located in the anus and are usually painful. If external hemorrhoidal prolapse goes out, the patient can see and feel it. Blood clots sometimes form, causing a very painful condition called thrombosis. If an external hemorrhoid has a thrombosis, the color turns purple or blue, and may bleed. Although the appearance is scary, hemorrhoids with thrombosis are usually not something serious, but it feels very painful. Hemorrhoids with thrombosis will resolve on their own within a few weeks. If the pain is unbearable, visit a doctor to stop the pain.
Anal bleeding and any pain must be evaluated by a qualified doctor; doctors are also able to identify life-threatening conditions, such as colorectal cancer. However, hemorrhoids are the most common cause for rectal bleeding and are usually rarely dangerous, but a definitive diagnosis from a doctor’s care is important.
Causes of Hemorrhoid
About 30-40 percent of people suffer from hemorrhoid, and usually occurs between the ages of 20-50 years. Researchers are not sure what causes hemorrhoids. Weak vein walls, which lead to hemorrhoid and other varicose disorders, can be inherited from genetic parents.
Extreme increases in abdominal pressure can also cause blood vessels to swell and become susceptible to irritation. Pressure can be caused by obesity, pregnancy, standing or sitting for long periods, straining during bowel movements, coughing, sneezing, vomiting, and holding your breath while trying to do physical work such as lifting heavy loads every day.
Diet has an important role in causing and preventing hemorrhoids. People who consistently eat a high-fiber diet tend to avoid hemorrhoids. Low-fiber diets or inadequate fluid intake can cause constipation, which can contribute to hemorrhoids in two ways: This triggers straining during bowel movements and also worsens hemorrhoids by producing hard stools which irritate swollen veins.
Choose steps to avoid constipation so the stool is not difficult to remove.
- Foods high in fiber will soften the stool. Fiber can be found in nuts, whole-grain breads and cereals, and fresh fruits and vegetables. Adding fiber slowly also helps avoid gas and bloating thereby reducing fart.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Stay well hydrated to keep stool soft. Water is the best choice. Drink a lot all day.
- Make sure to exercise. Keep moving. Regular aerobic exercise, such as walking 20-30 minutes every day.
- Think about stool softeners or laxatives. Your doctor may prescribe medication if constipation is already severe.
- Don’t delay too long. When you feel the need to defecate, do it and don’t delay. The more it is postponed then the possibility of the opportunity to defecate has passed and need to wait for time, but the stool has become harder.
There are other things you can do to feel better, including:
- Use a pillow. Sit on a pillow, not on a hard surface. This will make it easier for the hemorrhoids not to swell. This can also help prevent the formation of new hemorrhoids.
- Keep it clean. Wash the anal area everyday. Use warm water and unscented soap. Dry the area with a gentle pat. Sufferers can even use it hair dryer if it feels better to dry and maintain the temperature around the anus.
- Choose clothes that are loose and soft. This makes the anal area less likely to be moist and not depressed.