Hemangioma is a growth of non-cancerous blood vessel tissue. This condition usually appears on the skin or internal organs, especially the liver. Hemangiomas can occur in patients of any age, but usually early in the birth.
Hemangiomas in the liver rarely cause symptoms. Usually, hemangiomas in the liver are not discovered until a test for an unrelated condition is called an incidental finding. Meanwhile, skin hemangiomas appear as minor scratches and grow larger as the baby gets older. However, most skin hemangiomas disappear by the age of 10 years.
Hemangiomas are usually small, but in some cases they can grow large, or become a lesion and require surgical removal. Until now, there has been no way that can prevent the growth of hemangiomas on the skin or organs.
Causes of Hemangiomas
Cutaneous hemangiomas develop when groups of blood vessels together form a single lump. Experts are not sure why blood vessel groups cluster together like this, but experts suspect that it is caused by certain proteins produced in the placenta during pregnancy.
There are several factors that are suspected of making a person more at risk of suffering from hemangiomas, including:
- Premature birth.
- Female gender.
- Genetics or heredity.
Early symptoms of hemangiomas appear in the form of red marks on the skin that can grow or develop quickly so that later visible protruding from the surface of the skin. But after that, the hemangioma will enter an inactive phase, then disappear slowly.
- On the skin
Skin hemangiomas can form on the top layer of the skin or on the layer of fat underneath (the subcutaneous layer). At first, red birthmarks may appear on the skin. Slowly, the birthmark will begin to protrude above the skin.
When it grows, the appearance of skin hemangiomas is similar to a burgundy birthmark. Skin hemangiomas are sometimes called strawberry hemangiomas, because of their deep red color. This type is more commonly found on the neck or face.
- To the heart
Hemangiomas can be in the liver and on the surface of the liver. Hemangiomas are considered to be sensitive to estrogen. During menopause, many women use estrogen replacement therapy because of a decrease in natural estrogen levels. However, excess estrogen supply can stimulate the growth of liver hemangiomas.
Hemangiomas can also grow in other areas of the body, such as the kidneys, lungs, colon and brain. Hemangiomas that grow in the brain cavity or other cavities in the body are called cavernous hemangiomas.
Some of the symptoms that you might have include:
- Loss of appetite.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Feeling full in the stomach.
There are no specific tests used to diagnose skin hemangiomas. Doctors can diagnose just by looking at a physical examination. Hemangiomas in organs are usually seen during imaging tests, such as ultrasound, MRI, or CT scan, and are usually detected as incidental findings.
As a diagnostic support, examination can be done with Dopler ultrasound to see the circulation of blood through the hemangioma area to distinguish it from other rashes that have the same characteristics.
Small hemangiomas usually do not require treatment and are likely to disappear by themselves. However, some cases will require treatment. However, when the hemangioma of the skin is injured or has lesions it may require treatment.
Another reason for hemangioma treatment is that if growth interferes with vision. In such cases, treatment can be done by administering drugs or laser surgery.
Treatment options that can be given are:
- Corticosteroid medicine
Corticosteroid drugs can be injected in the hemangioma to reduce growth and stop inflammation.
- Laser treatment
Laser treatment is used to remove hemangiomas. In some cases, surgeons can use laser treatments to reduce redness and make healing faster.
- Gel medicine
A gel drug called becaplermin (Regranex) is often used to treat lesions on the surface of skin hemangiomas. This gel has no effect on the hemangioma itself.
- Appointment operation
If the hemangioma is very large, or in a sensitive area such as the eye, the doctor may choose to be surgically removed.
Hemangiomas in the body may require treatment if the pain is very large. Treatment options for hemangioma include:
- Hemangioma removal surgery.
- Surgical removal of damaged organs or damaged areas.
- Binds the main arteries that supply blood to hemangiomas.
In general, hemangiomas are harmless and not painful, but in some cases can cause bleeding, infection, or become an open wound that feels pain.