Hair loss is common, especially among men who often become thin-haired, but women can also be affected. It can be large parts of the hair or just speckled. The causes may be hereditary or medical. Over the past decade, both medical and surgical treatments (hair transplants) have emerged that can effectively stop hair loss and restore previously lost hair.
How does hair loss occur
All people, men and women, lose their hair every day. About ten percent of our hair disappears every quarter. It is quite natural for old hair to disappear in favor of new. Hair has a life cycle of about 2-6 years before falling off.
When more hair than usual begins to disappear it can be hair loss. The most common causes of hair loss are hereditary and/or medical. You can lose your hair if, for example, you eat certain medicines, have had a severe fever disease or have been mentally stressed. In the event of hair loss, most of the hair is sometimes lost but sometimes only stained and temporarily.
Different types of hair loss
There are different types of hair loss where hereditary hair loss is the most common form. It can affect both men and women.
• Male hair loss – in most cases is due to hereditary causes, and is then called male hereditary hair loss (androgenic alopecia). The hair loss can start already before the age of 20 and is noticed by the hair bracket creeping ever higher above the temples and eventually a cold spot on the head is formed. Male hair loss is caused by increased sensitivity to male sex hormones in some areas of the scalp. Sensitivity is inherited.
• Female hair loss – Even women may have hereditary hair loss, although it is not as common as in men. In women, some bare spots are rarely formed without the hair becoming thinner over a larger area. As with men, hair is preserved in a wreath around the neck and temples. Hereditary hair loss mainly affects women of menopause. Female hair loss can begin around the age of 30 but usually a dozen years later.
• Medical hair loss – illness, medication or stress can cause the loss of hair. Most often the entire hair is affected where basically all the hair on the head is thinned. Common causes are iron deficiency, deficiency of vitamin B12 and folic acid, autoimmune diseases, metabolic disorders. Also, some medications can cause the hair to fall off, such as severe fever disease, slimming, mental stress or childbirth.
Treatment of hair loss
Over the past 10 years, both medical and surgical treatments (hair transplants) have emerged that can effectively stop hair loss and restore previously lost hair. But before any treatment is started, it is important to find out what type of hair loss is involved. If the hair loss is hereditary, it can be treated in two main ways, preventive medication or hair transplantation.
• There are various medical preparations depending on the type of hair loss you have, both prescription and prescription. The treatment should start within ten years from the time you started to lose your hair. The hair growth can be stimulated by various medications (Propecia, Recrea, Revexan, Rogaine). These agents can be effective in early and less pronounced forms of male hair loss and may also reduce further hair loss.
• Hair transplant means that the surgeon moves hair from the neck to the head. It is best suited for men whose hair loss is limited to the front of the scalp. In addition, the results depend on your age, hair color, type of hair loss and whether you have straight or curly hair.