Food that is good for the body is usually also good for the teeth.
Here are six diet tips for getting healthy teeth in children:
- Serve two main meals and 2-3 snacks a day that make the child saturated.
- Avoid the baby eating small, that is, eating a little now and then all day.
- Do not treat the child to a sweet drink in a baby bottle or to have it taken with the baby in the bed.
- Give the child water between meals or if the child is thirsty.
- Avoid foods with added sugar and sugar on porridge, for example.
- Limit sweets and soft drinks to occasional occasions.
Hold onto the sugar again
Ordinary sugar is the food that most easily causes tooth decay, so-called caries. Sugar added to the food is easily absorbed into the bacterial coatings found on the teeth. There they are broken down by the bacteria and acid is formed which damages the teeth.
How acidic it gets depends, among other things, on what type of sugar it is. Cane sugar, grape and fruit sugar provide great acidity.
With starch and fiber, it does not become as acidic. The exception is food with starch that has been greatly heated, such as chips and cheeses. Then it becomes as acidic in the mouth as when you eat cane sugar.
Good with regular meals
When switching to regular food, you should accustom your child to eating food at the dining table. A good arrangement is three main goals and two to three snacks a day that make the child saturated. Then the teeth will have time to recover without food or drink in the mouth.
A snack that is good for the teeth can consist of, for example, milk, a sandwich of coarse bread with cold cuts and fresh fruit. Carrot and cucumber sticks, pieces of lean cheese, avocado, almonds and nuts are other examples of good food.
You should avoid giving children buns, biscuits and cookies everyday. Remember, for example, jam, jam, fruit yogurt, creams and ice cream contain a lot of sugar. Even dried and fresh fruit can contain a lot of sugar.
Water the best drink
Regular drinking water is best for your teeth and so it is good to get used to the baby early by drinking it. Milk or water is suitable for meals. Sugar-rich drinks, such as juice and soda, are harmful to the teeth and should be limited to more festive occasions.
If the water that the child drinks comes from his own well, the fluorine content should be controlled. If the well water contains too much fluorine, the child may need to drink other water during the first years.
Avoid sweet drinks in a baby bottle
Sweet drinks, such as juice, soda or rosehip soup, should never be taken out of a baby bottle. There is a risk that the baby’s teeth will be affected by the sugar in the drink for a longer period of time than if the child drinks from a mug. Therefore, it is good that the child learns to drink from a cup. Providing water in the baby bottle is no problem for the teeth.
The risk of getting holes in the teeth increases if the child drinks anything other than pure water before falling asleep or during the night. This is especially true for children who have just had teeth since milk teeth that have just broken out are softer and more sensitive than older teeth.
If you have a child who eats at night and you are concerned about the child’s dental health, you can contact the child care center, bvc, or the dental care for advice and support.
Breast milk does not cause caries in itself. However, if the baby is breastfed and at the same time eats food with sugar, it can form acid from the breast milk sugar. Therefore, tooth brushing is especially important after the teeth break out for children who are breastfeeding after the age of six months.
Acids increase the risk of burns
Drinking, for example, soft drinks, flavored carbonated water or juice increases the risk of tooth burns. In addition to the sugars, the drinks contain acids that can cause damage to the teeth. Even so-called light drinks, without the usual sugar, can cause burns. It is not the sweetener that damages the teeth but the acids.
Almost all drinks except plain water, mineral water, milk and black tea are so acidic that it can cause burns. Some mineral waters may have a high fluorine content and are not suitable for children under the age of six as their teeth are forming.
Most children soon discover that there are sweets. When children have a taste for sweets, it can be a good habit to introduce a sweets day a week. It can be on Friday or Saturday when you have a nice time together.
Candy, ice cream and other sweet things do the least harm to the teeth if eaten as dessert right after the food.
The saliva rinses your mouth after eating
The saliva neutralizes the acids formed in the mouth.
In adults and older children, tongues, lips and cheeks help to circulate the saliva and transport the food away.
But children under three do not. This means that food can remain in the mouth for a long time. The child therefore needs help to rinse it off. Therefore, let the child drink water or milk as an end to the meal.