Gonorrhea Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Pus urine or commonly called gonorrhea is an infectious disease that is often transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. Gonorrhea can spread through contact with infected body fluids. Gonorrhea infection spreads easily and most often occurs in people who have multiple sexual partners.

Causes of Gonorrhea

The cause of gonorrhea or sometimes called gonorrhea is Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can grow and multiply easily in the mucous membranes of the body.

The bacteria can grow in moist and warm organs such as the reproductive tract, including the cervix, uterus, uterus, and urethra. In fact, bacteria can also grow in the mouth, throat and anus.

Gonorrhea Symptoms

After you know the cause of gonorrhea, you might be wondering about the symptoms of gonorrhea. Not everyone who is infected with gonorrhea or gonorrhea has symptoms, so knowing when to seek treatment can be a problem.

Gonorrhea symptoms usually appear within 2-10 days after exposure, but this disease can also develop up to 30 days.

The characteristics of gonorrhea that often arises, both in men and women, among which is when urinating will feel pain or pain and the discharge of thick fluid such as yellow or green pus from the vagina or penis.

Common signs of gonorrhea or gonorrhea differ slightly between men and women.

1. Symptoms of gonorrhea in women:

  • Leucorrhoea is yellowish or greenish.
  • Lower abdominal or pelvic pain.
  • Burning sensation when urinating.
  • Conjunctivitis (itchy and red eyes).
  • Bleeding outside the menstrual period
  • There are plek stains from the genitals after intercourse.
  • Swelling of the vulva (vulvitis).
  • Burning sensation in the throat (due to oral sex).
  • Swollen glands in the throat (due to oral sex).

In some women, the symptoms of gonorrhea are so mild that they themselves do not realize that it is gonorrhea. Many women with leucorrhoea due to gonorrhea have overcome this with a fungus drug that is sold freely in pharmacies.

Because vaginal discharge can be a sign of a number of different problems, it is best to consult with a doctor to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.

2. Symptoms of gonorrhea in men:

  • The penis secretes a white, greenish or yellowish discharge like pus.
  • Burning sensation when urinating.
  • Burning sensation in the throat (due to oral sex).
  • Testicular pain or swelling.
  • Swollen glands in the throat (due to oral sex).
  • Symptoms usually appear 2-14 days after infection.

Gonorrhea diagnosis

Gonorrhea or gonorrhea is a fairly serious disease. To diagnose gonorrhea, the doctor will use a swab to take fluid samples from the urethra in men or from the cervix in women. The specimen will then be sent to a laboratory for analysis. Another test that can be done is checking urine samples to find out the presence of bacteria.

Keep in mind, gonorrhea and chlamydia, or other sexually transmitted diseases – often occur together, so that usually direct treatment is carried out simultaneously even though symptoms of gonorrhea appear.

Gonorrhea treatment

Treatment of gonorrhea or gonorrhea needs to be done to prevent gonorrhea from becoming more severe, while preventing transmission. Gonorrhea treatment can be done by giving antibiotics either taken or injected.

Sexual partners of infected patients must also be treated equally to prevent re-infection and further spread of this disease, because gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. In addition, keep in mind that:

  • Tell anyone who has been a sexual partner that you are infected. This is important because gonorrhea may have no symptoms. Women especially, may be totally asymptomatic and may not seek treatment unless warned by their partner.
  • Do not have sex until you have completed treatment.
  • Always use a condom during sex.

Here are some kinds of gonorrhea drugs in the form of antibiotics that can be used, including:

  • Azithromycin (zithromax, zmax)

This antibiotic drug is used to inhibit bacterial growth.

  • Erythromycin

Antibiotic ointment recommended for use in newborns to prevent conjunctivitis.

  • Ceftriaxone (rocephin)

This antibiotic drug is used together with azithromycin to inhibit the growth of bacterial cell walls that have reached the blood.

  • Cefixime and cephalosporin

If ceftriaxone is not available, you can use this antibiotic drug. This antibiotic inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis and is used in conjunction with azithromycin. Both are used if the patient has no complications.

  • Doxycycline

This antibiotic drug inhibits protein synthesis which can trigger bacterial growth. Doxycycline is used for 10 to 14 days at a dose of 100 mg in addition to a single dose of ceftriaxone to treat pelvic inflammation (PID).

Well, that’s some gonorrhea medicine that you should know. Another important thing that must be a concern is to make sure you take antibiotics according to doctor’s instructions. If you do not take medicine completely, it will make gonorrhea disease can not be cured.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that people with gonorrhea be given gonorrhea treatment that is accompanied by drugs to eradicate chlamydia infection. A type of germ that causes nonspecific genital infections – because chlamydia is often found together with gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea treatment is very important to prevent this disease from getting worse. Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent problems in women and men.

Gonorrhea Complications

If not treated properly, gonorrhea can cause complications. Compared with men, women are more prone to gonorrhea complications. Complications that arise in men are urinary tract injuries and epididymitis, a painful condition in the testes that can sometimes cause infertility if left untreated.

Without proper treatment, gonorrhea can also affect the prostate and can cause scarring in the urethra making it difficult to urinate.

Meanwhile, complications of gonorrhea in women are the appearance of obstruction in the fallopian tubes and the appearance of pelvic inflammation. This condition can trigger an ectopic pregnancy, a condition in which a fertilized egg develops outside the uterus. This is a dangerous condition for both mother and baby.

So, how does gonorrhea influence pregnancy? Gonorrhea in pregnant women can cause premature birth for no apparent reason. In addition, other effects caused by gonorrhea is that it can cause blindness, joint infections, or infections that threaten the baby’s life.

Treatment of gonorrhea as soon as it is detected in pregnant women will reduce the risk of this complication. Pregnant women should consult a doctor to get the right medicine.

Prevention of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. Therefore, to prevent gonorrhea, it is very important not to change sexual partners. Use condoms every time you have sex, especially if you are not sure whether your partner is really clean or not. Therefore, both parties must check themselves if there is a sexually transmitted infection.

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