Genital warts are warts that grow on the genitals caused by Human papillomavirus (HPV) which in the medical world is known as Condyloma acuminata. HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. This virus can spread through the skin to the genitals.
Causes of Genital Warts
The main cause of genital warts is HPV. After entering the body, the HPV virus will stay in the cell and multiply. After that, the virus will come out of the host cell and attack other healthy cells.
Factors that determine whether a person is at risk of contracting venereal disease are usually seen from several factors, such as whether having sexual relations with different people without wearing a condom or having a relationship with someone whose history of sexual life is unknown.
There are various types of HPV, there are low-risk HPV viruses and there are several types that can cause cervical, rectal, or oral cancers called high-risk HPV.
Genital warts can grow in various sizes and shapes. Some look like flat white patches and others have wavy shapes, like cauliflower. HPV and genital warts can spread through sexual contact or genital skin-to-skin contact with someone who has the virus.
Symptoms of Genital Warts
Most people who are infected with HPV have no symptoms. But if the patient has symptoms, usually the symptoms that appear are so mild that someone does not know that they have been infected. Common symptoms that may occur are usually pain, itching, and bleeding.
Keep in mind, symptoms of genital warts will usually occur 2 to 3 months after infection. But some also appear from 3 weeks to years after infection. Genital warts are seen only during active infections. It’s possible to spread the virus even if you can’t see the warts.
Doctors can often find out if you have genital warts by examining the genital area and the anal area carefully. Doctors can ask about symptoms and risk factors. Risk factors are things that make you more likely to get an infection.
Sometimes doctors also take tissue samples from warts for testing. For women, if you have an abnormal Pap test, your doctor can do an HPV test that looks for a high-risk type of virus. Until now there is no cure for HPV, but the symptoms can be treated.
Although sexual penetration does not occur, touch between the genital skin remains a risk of transmitting the genital warts virus.