Gases in the stomach – Balloon stomach

Gases in the stomach are something natural that everyone has experienced at some time. There are various reasons why we get gases in the stomach, among other things, the stomach can simply be in imbalance.

It squeezes, noises and penetrates, gas formation is something that goes on in all intestines, without exception. But we have different approaches to this process and to the gas bubbles that are about to come out. Some have a relaxed attitude and let nature have their way, while others sneak away with shameful redness on their cheeks if they happen to “let go of the weather” so that it can be heard – or felt!

Different reasons for gas formation

In the stomach and intestine there is usually about one and a half liters of gas! In part, gas formation is because we swallow air when we eat or drink, especially carbonated drinks, or when we chew gum and smoke cigarettes. But there is also some gas formed during digestion. Especially from hard-to-digest carbohydrates, such as cabbage, onions, beans and mushrooms.

One reason why the stomach feels gassy and bloated may be imbalance and the digestive enzymes not working properly. Functional digestion and a well-balanced gut flora help the stomach to feel good and you do not have gases and balloon stomach so it is important to take care of your stomach and intestines. If you feel that your stomach is in imbalance you can, for example, help the stomach on the pile with probiotics and lactic acid bacteria to restore the intestinal flora. Broad-spectrum supplements often address the problem of the gut on a broader level, which has proven effective. Calcium has also been shown to be effective in making digestive enzymes work.

These are gases in the stomach

The gases consist of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and methane gas. When the gases come out, they have a more or less unpleasant odor, which is due to sulfur compounds.

How much and how bad it smells depends in part on what we have eaten – it is believed that meat gives less gases but more odor, while some fibers give more gases and less odor.

How then should you get rid of gas trouble?

If you often feel bloated, if there is noise in the intestines and you have to let out gases look as dense, it may be reason to think about what you eat. You don’t have to avoid cabbage, onions and other vegetables completely, if you like it. You can actually get used to the digestive system in these foods, by starting with small portions, eating slowly and gradually increasing the amount. Also make a habit of chewing the food well, as you swallow less air. Large sugar consumption can also produce a lot of gases and a troubled gut. Try to cut down on sweets, pastries, desserts and replace with healthy and easy-to-digest carbohydrates found in many fruits.

Some gas formation may be due to disturbed intestinal flora and so-called probiotics can help. Probiotics that contain ‘gut’ bacteria and which can benefit the gut flora. At the pharmacy there are non-prescription drugs that can reduce gas problems. Medications containing dimethicone do not prevent gas formation, but they puncture the foam bubbles that form, so that the gas becomes free and can pass out of the intestine in a normal way. Even if you have normal gas production, you may find it difficult to resist gases that want to escape, which may be the case for anal incontinence.

Anal incontinence is due to a weakened end muscle, due to age or birth defects. Special “flick training” can provide a significant improvement and there are also surgical methods.

Balloon stomach (swollen stomach)

Feeling that the stomach is bloated or swollen is often called “balloon stomach” and is a symptom that can have several different causes. Balloon stomach can be caused, among other things, by diet, stress, but also by drugs that rub the intestinal flora, such as antibiotics.

Balloon stomach is in many cases a harmless symptom, but if you suffer from balloon stomach for a long time and are bothered by other stomach related problems you should contact a doctor for an examination of what the cause may be. Many people are bothered by the fact that it is painful even in appearance as the stomach can look bloated. Balloon stomach is not often associated with other problems and symptoms such as gases and constipation. It may be a sign that you are lactose and/or gluten intolerant.

Causes of balloon stomach

  • The diet, for example raw vegetables, acid-forming fruits, carbonated drinks and alcohol.
  • Eating habits, balloon stomachs and gases in the stomach can be avoided if you chew your food properly.
  • antibiotics,
  • Constipation
  • celiac disease
  • lactose intolerance


Talking about constipation can mean several things.

  • that the stools are too hard
  • that you have bowel movements less often than every three days
  • that it receives or hurts when the stools come out

You don’t have to empty your bowel every day, at a certain time to be normal! Some people have stools several times a day, others every two or three times.

About 30 percent of all adults suffer from constipation at some point each year, for various reasons. For example, when traveling abroad, changing the environment, changing eating habits, certain medications, sedentary, mental stress or pregnancy.


Failure to treat and treat prolonged constipation may cause intestinal pockets, diverticulars. Intestinal pockets rarely occur before the age of 40, but almost two-thirds of all American 80-year-olds have varying numbers of pockets or bulges in their colon. About a third of those with pockets on the intestine suffer from inflammation of the intestine at some point, a “diverticulitis”. It can be more or less serious and in severe cases you have to operate urgently.

The pockets can in principle occur anywhere in the intestinal tract, but the most common place is at the end of the large intestine, far lower in the abdomen. That’s because the pressure in the gut is greatest right there. You can walk around with intestinal pockets that do not cause serious symptoms, maybe just a little trouble and vomiting every now and then. But many people sometimes get sore in the lower left part of the abdomen and maybe a little fever (37.5 to 38 degrees). You can also get constipated, or have diarrhea. If you let the intestine rest by taking a liquid diet, the problems usually clear off after a couple of days.

In some cases, the inflammation becomes more severe, and so do the symptoms. You get tremendous pain in the gut, the pain is colic, sometimes you also feel nausea and vomit. The fever can rise to 39.5. At the hospital you can see an elevated decrease and other signs of an ongoing infection. Then you usually stay in the hospital for a few days, and are treated with solid, nutritional drops and antibiotics.

Sensitive stomach and intestines

Every fifth Swede has irritable colon. We all have a hard stomach at some point. Likewise the opposite, when you barely have time to go to the toilet.

Temporary problems with bowel emptying can be due to many things, such as something we have eaten, some medications, sedentary life or stress. But when the diarrhea or constipation becomes prolonged, it often recurs and may occur alternately and if we have pain and cramps, then these are signs that the bowel is not feeling well. In some cases it can be a serious illness, but usually the intestinal problems are harmless and can be corrected.

A visit to the doctor is recommended and in order to get the correct diagnosis it is necessary to have a examination.

Irritable bowel

Colon irritabile (the international name is IBS, Irritable Bowel Syndrome) can encompass the entire gastrointestinal tract. You have aches and pains, often intermittent constipation and diarrhea. Many people become very disabled during difficult periods. For long periods, the gut can function well and “stay calm”, but suddenly the symptoms get worse again.

Previously, it has been argued that “irritable bowel” is a so-called psychosomatic disease, that is, mental stress is the cause of the bodily disorders. Today, that view has been re-evaluated, says Greger Lindberg, chief physician at Gastrocentrum Medicin at Karolinska University Hospital.

“We can tell patients that the problem is not in their head or” soul “but in the gut,” he says. It is very much a physical condition. Extensive research has been conducted in USA as well as in other countries, and there are many indications that the often severe symptoms can have several causes:

  • Changed bowel mobility. The normal bowel contractions (which are supposed to move the stool forward) can trigger spasms, which cause pain, diarrhea or constipation.
  • Increased sensitivity to the intestinal expansion caused by gases during digestion. The intestine cannot really adapt to the pressure, and reacts with pain and cramps.
  • An inflammatory process in the intestinal nervous system. This has been shown, among other things, in a study of patients with IBS conducted by Greger Lindberg’s research group. This inflammation may have arisen after a severe stomach infection (for example, “stomach flu” or bacterial infection). The infection starts a reaction in the intestinal immune system and then the inflammation remains, so to speak, in the intestinal wall and mucosa.

Probably there is also a genetic, hereditary factor in this disease picture. It is quite common for IBS to occur in several members of the same family, which is also the case with other diseases where the immune system is involved, says Greger Lindberg.

Symptoms can occur in children and adolescents, especially in girls, but usually debut between 20 and 30 years. After the age of 65, the debut of IBS is unusual.

Can I be completely cured from IBS?

It’s too early to say yet, ”says Greger Lindberg. It is possible that with the help of the research, we will have access to medicines that can cure the inflammation of the intestine for good. But a changed lifestyle can often do a lot to relieve the symptoms. A and O are calm and calm during meals and during toilet visits.

You have to take into account your gut and its needs. Unfortunately, many people are so stressed that they do not think they can go to the toilet and these people should probably review their work and life situation. If you refrain from going to the toilet when the gut signals that it wants to be emptied, you can disturb and break the sensitive reflex game that prevails in the large intestine.

The gut feels good by eating a little and often and just right with vegetables.

– Previously, almost everyone with the IBS Council got to eat lots of fiber-rich food, says Greger Lindberg. Today, that message has been modified. For those who have the most trouble with constipation, dietary fiber can have a good effect, but those who are most troubled by diarrhea and pain can instead become worse.

Some foods can periodically make the problems worse, sometimes they may be milk products, sometimes fruits, and often “hard-melted” long-fiber vegetables, such as asparagus, beans and corn. Greger Lindberg’s patients are often advised to eat low-fat foods. Fat-rich meals reduce the mobility of the stomach and small intestine. Thus, stress is not the main cause of IBS, but many can get better if they try to go down laps.

– All intestines respond to stress and emotions, says Greger Lindberg, but a diseased intestine is more fragile and can withstand less stress.

Hypnosis treats the gut

Most of the patients who have tried hypnosis for stomach upset suffer from IBS, irritable colon. The treatment consists of a medical examination (to exclude other diseases) and then six to ten visits to the psychologist. Psychologist Martha is today at Hospital, and she says:

– The hypnosis pass may look different for each individual, but the mainstays are relaxation, self-reinforcing suggestions and visualization. When the patient learns a deep relaxation in all the body’s muscle groups, he or she can place his hands on his stomach and feel how heat and well-being spread to his stomach, and how the symptoms decrease as the feeling of heat increases. Then, for example, for the patient’s inner vision, the patient may try to see a river of calm and even flow and imagine that the intestine works in the same calm way. If they fail to do so, they can imagine a long city street with the “green wave”, where it is important to keep a steady speed so as not to have to stop for red lights or drive giant fort to catch green!

All patients receive an individually designed cassette tape with them at home and for many this “self hypnosis” works very well.

– Most people get much better, and think they have taken control of their stomach and intestines. Many, especially women, also feel that they have better self-esteem and feel less anxiety and stress.

Living with gases in the stomach and balloon stomach

Having gases in your stomach and feeling swollen can be both physically and mentally painful. If you are bothered by this for an extended period of time you should contact a doctor. Before doing so, however, you can do some actions on your own.

Excluding certain foods that can be linked to gases in the stomach and balloon stomach is a way to go. To give a diary what you eat and how much trouble you have can give a clue why the problems arose. Eating calmer but also stressing down in general can also help calm down the stomach and intestines. Probiotics and lactic acid bacteria can help restore the balance of the stomach and reduce or remove the trouble. Take care of your stomach and your stomach will take care of you!

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