Fish eye or in the medical world called clavus is thickening of the skin due to friction and continuous pressure. In general, fish eye is often formed in the foot area, especially areas that support body weight. Check out the full explanation of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and medication of fish eye below.
Causes of Fish Eyes
Basically, the cause of a fish’s eye is pressure and friction in the same area of the skin repeatedly. Some things that can cause stress and friction are:
- Often use equipment or play a musical instrument by hand. Thickening of the skin can occur due to friction of the skin of the hand with a musical instrument or hand tools that are used daily.
- Wearing shoes that are not comfortable. Shoes that are too narrow and high-heeled shoes can press some parts of the foot. Conversely, shoes that are too loose can cause some parts of the foot to rub repeatedly with the inside of the shoe.
- Not wearing socks or wearing socks with the wrong size can cause friction between the feet and shoes.
In addition to several causes of fish-eye as above, other important things to know are that there are several factors that can improve fish eye, including:
- Bunion. Bunions are abnormal bone protrusions that form in the joints at the base of your big toe.
- Hammertoe. Hammeroe is a deformity of your toes like claws.
- Other foot deformities. Certain conditions such as bone spurs can cause constant friction inside the shoe.
- Lack of protection. Using tools without wearing protective clothing can cause excessive friction in the skin.
Fish Eye Symptoms
Although the symptoms of fish eyes and calluses are almost similar, they are not the same thing. Some symptoms that can be recognized include:
- Thick and rough skin.
- Hard and raised lump.
- Pain appears under the skin.
- Peel, dry or waxed skin.
Keep in mind, fish eyes generally have a smaller size than calluses, and have a hard central part surrounded by inflamed skin. Fish-eye tends to appear between the toes or in areas that are heavily stressed.
When is the Right Time to See a Doctor?
If the fish’s eye becomes very sick or inflamed, you should see a doctor immediately. In addition, if you have diabetes or poor blood flow, contact your doctor before taking independent treatment.
Fish Eye Diagnosis
The doctor will examine the eyes of the fish in the legs or other parts of the body, then rule out other causes of thickened skin such as warts and cysts. The doctor will recommend an x-ray if the physical condition causes the eyes of the fish.
Fish Eye Treatment
Fish eye care that is commonly done is to avoid repetitive activities. Some steps that can be done is to wear shoes with the appropriate size or take other maintenance measures.
The following are some medical and natural treatments that can prevent the development of fish eyes, including:
If you prefer a faster method for removing eyelets, you can use over-the-counter fish eye remedies. Using drugs that contain salicylic acid is a way to get rid of fish eyes that can be tried. In general, clavus can disappear within two weeks.
2. Cutting the hardened skin
How to treat these fish eyes must be done by a doctor. The doctor will cut the thickened skin with a scalpel. Do not try to do it yourself because it risks increasing infection.
3. Special Shoes
If the fish eye is caused by foot deformity, your doctor may recommend using special shoes (orthotics) to prevent the eyelets or calluses from developing.
In rare cases, doctors can recommend surgery to correct the alignment of bones that cause friction.
If you have diabetes or other conditions that cause blocked blood flow, consult a doctor before treating your own fish eye. However, if you do not have an underlying health problem, some of these steps can be tried to overcome the fish eye, including:
- Soak feet or hands in warm soapy water. This method of removing eyelets makes it easier for you to get rid of thickened skin.
- Rubbing the area of the problematic skin with pumice or using special sandpaper is a way to remove the fish eye that you can try. However, if you suffer from diabetes avoid this method.
- Other fish eye remedies that can be used are moisturizers. Apply moisturizer to your hands or feet to keep skin soft.
Fish Eye Prevention
The best way to prevent eyelets is to ensure that you wear comfortable shoes. Also, make sure the toes can move easily, always use socks, and make sure the toenails are not too long. Long toenails can cause your toes to be in an abnormal position.
Please note that the eye of the fish can not disappear overnight, treatment takes two weeks to a month until the fish eye is completely gone.
Some other precautions that can be done, including:
- Routinely wash your feet with soapy water every night.
- Apply moisturizer to the feet after cleaning the feet.
- Use powder to prevent perspiration.
- Wear socks every day.
- Always use hand protection when using heavy equipment.
In the end, if you take proper care, the fish eye can be removed, but this disorder can reappear if there are no changes in lifestyle and footwear used.