Fever means that the body temperature is higher than normal. The cause of fever can be an infection, cold, food poisoning or the like, as the body reacts with raising the temperature. In most cases, the fever goes away by itself after a few days. In the meantime, it is important to rest and not exert physical effort. Fever that does not bring with it is important to investigate as there may be symptoms of a serious illness.
How does a fever occur
Most have a normal temperature that is between 36 degrees up to 37.5. At that temperature, the body’s system works best. The temperature varies and is low at night and maximum in the afternoon.
Getting a fever means that the body temperature is higher than normal. Fever is a natural reaction to an infection. Infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses do not thrive when it gets too hot. Fever in adults is considered above 37.5 degrees in the morning or over 37.7 degrees in the evening. More than 39 degrees are usually called high fever in both children and adults.
When the fever rises, you usually get frozen and then sweat when the temperature drops again. If you have a high fever you may have other symptoms such as feeling dizzy, weak and temporarily confused. Fever usually lasts no more than a few days.
To measure fever
When you measure your temperature you do it most easily after resting, for example in the morning before rising. You can measure the temperature of the armpit, mouth or ear, but the safest method is to measure the rectum. There are different types of fever thermometers available at the pharmacy.
Treatment for fever
If you feel very ill, you can take antipyretic medicines that are available at the pharmacy. If the cause of the fever is a bacterial infection, various drugs such as antibiotics are available.
The fever usually goes away by itself, but the following warning signs are:
• prolonged fever that does not go away after four, five days
• fever that does not bring with it should be investigated – can be symptoms of a serious illness
• the fever that first goes down and then starts rising again
• fever and at the same time have difficulty swallowing, breathing or getting stiff in the neck – seek help immediately
• Fever seizures in children for the first time should always be examined by a doctor
Signs of fever spasm in children
Small children who get high fever can suffer from a fever spasm. This means that the child loses consciousness, becomes stiff in the body, can become blue around the mouth and gets twitches in the arms and legs. In case of fever spasm in children, the nearest pediatric emergency room should be contacted.
• In case of fever, one should be at home from work or school to allow the body to rest
• Never exercise or exercise when you have a fever
• It is important to drink a little extra because you lose a lot of fluid when you sweat
• The bedroom may be cool, but not cold