Dry eyes, red eyes, running eyes – There is help to get

There are a number of eye problems that occur more often than others and you can prevent, relieve and treat them.

Dry air environments or eye strain in front of the computer are lifestyle conditions that can cause dry eyes.

One medical cause of dry eyes is age and some drugs contribute to or may contribute to, dry eye problems.

Eye problems can be perceived as both troublesome and annoying but also disturbing, many people find it disgusting with the idea of ​​having eye problems.

There are a number of eye problems that occur more often than others and you can prevent, relieve and treat them.

Therefore, dry eyes arise

One of the most common problems is that the eyes are perceived as dry. The most common cause of dry eyes is due to excessive evaporation of the liquid from the eye. This is because the protective lipid layer (lipids = fat) of the eye does not work properly without the entire tear film becoming unstable and emitting too much moisture. It is believed that about 90 percent have problems with an unstable lipid layer.

The fat is produced in the so-called Meibomska glands, which sit on both the lower and upper eyelid edges and spread over the surface of the eye when blinking. In many with dry eyes, these glands are clogged and do not function optimally, and so little lipids are produced.

Common causes of dry eyes

When the lipid layer becomes brittle and ruptures, it causes the tear fluid to evaporate and remain on the surface of the eye, then a cracked tear film with, for example, residual salts in it that causes it to swell and flow. Sometimes you get problems called MGD, which means you have dysfunction in the Meibomian glands and it can be due to blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids), eczema, rosacea, demodex mites, or that you have poor tear film quality.

External factors can also cause dry eyes:

  • Drug
  • Usual birth control pills
  • Many hours in front of computer screens
  • Dusty or warm environment

The trouble can be that the eyes feel dry, that it stings and scabs, but also that it becomes blurry or hard to see and it can feel like there is rubbish in the eye. The eyes are constantly used for a day, after which the symptoms usually come in the evening. Another factor is age, the older we get the more the production of tear fluid decreases. Women are particularly affected by dry eyes and especially in menopause.

This is how you prevent and treat dry eyes

For prevention, you can think about what environments you are staying in and how much you sit in front of screens, that you wear glasses and have the correct posture.

There are non-prescription drugs that protect and relieve and also other types of new treatments by doctors, some opticians and specialists (IPL, eye masks) that help if you have dry eyes. Talk to your pharmacist, doctor or optician about tips and advice.

Causes of runny eyes

On the other hand, it is not uncommon to instead suffer from running eyes, it feels like the tears are disturbing the eyesight and that the eyes are simply tearing up and the fluid is flowing down the cheeks. Paradoxically, even runny eyes are a symptom of dry eyes. In many eyes, fluid production works as it should, while the lipid layer is defective. The lipid layer’s job is to keep moisture and tears in the eye, but if it is damaged, the tears run out. Then the eye overcompensates to produce even more tear fluid. You get a burning sensation, burning or chafing.

Other causes of runny eyes may be:

  • strong blown or cold (then it is perfectly normal)
  • that the surface of the eye is irritated by dust, smoke or the like.
  • If the eyes run indoors, the cause may be a stop in the tear duct in the eyelid.

Treatment of runny eyes

Running eyes mainly affect the elderly and are often harmless and just normal. The best thing to do is to find suitable lubricating eye drops in the form of lipid replacement products that dampen the evaporation, available at pharmacies and opticians. Also avoid environments where the problems can be exacerbated.

However, if the cause is a stop in the tear duct, you need to seek care so the tears are sticky and not just watery, talk to the care when you need to fix the stop.

Red eyes and swollen eyelids – The cause may vary

Most people are bothered by red eyes at some point. The causes behind red eyes vary widely, it can be anything from allergies and infections to mild eye disease that can heal by itself and more serious eye diseases that require doctor’s visit and care. Red eyes can also occur during harmless bleeding under the conjunctiva of the eye. Other causes of red eye are so-called rainbow inflammation, acute glaucoma and direct damage to the eyes.

If you have red eyes and red swollen eyelids, it may also be because you have eyelid inflammation and impairment of the function of your Meibomska glands, which produces the microscopically thin lipid layer in the outermost layer of your tear film. The lipid layer in the tear film constitutes less than 1 percent of the tear film.

How to treat red eyes and swollen eyelids

As a rule of thumb, a red eye is more serious than two red eyes. Just as the cause behind the red eye symptoms also varies, it can be pain, pain, itching, swelling, impaired vision and/or the eye runs or itches. Because the causes are so varied and often due to external factors such as allergens, injuries or infections, it is difficult to prevent, however, you can treat minor problems yourself. Ask your pharmacist and describe your symptoms and symptoms.

If, on the other hand, you are unsure, have a lot of pain or have been suffering for a long time, you should contact the healthcare provider instead.

There are non-prescription drugs that protect and relieve and also other types of new treatments by doctors, some opticians and specialists (IPL, eye masks) that help if you have dry eyes. Talk to your pharmacist, doctor or optician about tips and advice.

Most people suffer from eye problems

Many people go on and off with eye problems. For some, these are exacerbated during periods such as winter when the air is drier, or spring and summer with all the pollen. In the fall of the age, it also becomes more common to have problems with the eyes and there are other eye conditions that may arise: glaucoma, cataracts, age changes in yellow spots and eye changes in connection with diabetes.

However, dry, runny or red eyes are something that affects most people at some point in life and that you can to some extent take care of yourself.

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