- All women can suffer from dry and brittle mucous membranes, the cause can be anything from menopause and pregnancy to repeated urinary tract infections.
- Lubricants can give you a better life together, so there is nothing to be ashamed of, think of the lubricant as an aid that can make your life extra pleasant.
The vast majority of women have ever experienced dryness and fragile mucous membranes. In addition to causing problems such as irritation and itching, it can also cause urinary tract infections and osteoarthritis and affect the lives of many women.
Dry mucous membranes are also becoming an increasingly common problem for many women of all ages, but there is help to get and aids that can relieve discomfort and improve the quality of life for those who suffer from dry and brittle mucous membranes.
So dry mucous membranes look
Normally, the mucosa should be pink, moist and wrinkled. But in dryness, especially during the menopause (the time after the last menstrual period), the mucous membrane becomes thinning, pale and smooth instead. It becomes more sensitive.
Most common are dry mucous membranes a few years after the last menstrual period. But not only. It is also common for women to get vaginal atrophy after childbirth, since estrogen levels are low. In general, dry mucous membranes are associated with menopause, but this is not the case.
Causes of dry and brittle mucous membranes
Sometimes dry mucous membranes are not associated with menopausal disorders such as estrogen deficiency, which means that women forget to pick up dry and fragile mucous membranes at their doctor or gynecologist’s visit. There are also studies that show that one in four women who are hormone-treated still have problems with dry mucous membranes, but there is more help to be had.
However, it is not only women in menopause who suffer from fragile mucous membranes, you can, for example, get hormone changes in connection with pregnancy or breastfeeding that can also affect your mucous membranes. Psychological factors such as stress, certain medication and illness can cause similar symptoms and problems.
Common causes of dry and brittle mucous membranes:
- Recent Mother
- Repeated urinary tract infections
- Psychological factors such as stress
Symptoms of dry and brittle mucous membranes
There are symptoms that can be associated with dry and fragile mucous membranes, many of which are due to the elasticity of the mucous membrane. Many women suffer from dry mucous membranes associated with estrogen deficiency but there are also other symptoms that you see below.
Common symptoms of dry mucous membranes
- urine Leaks
- Sexual intercourse Difficulties
Common symptoms of estrogen deficiency
- Sleeping problems
- Flabby he
- weight gain
- Reduced sexual desire
- urinary infection
Dry and fragile mucous membranes – am I affected?
Here are a number of statements, answer the questions to see if they match your experience and your situation. If you wish, you can then take this with you to your doctor so that you can easily open a dialogue about your complaints.
Are you affected?
☐ My menses are irregular.
☐ My period has ended completely.
☐ I experience burning in the genital area.
☐ It hurts and burns when I pee.
☐ I need to pee more often than before.
☐ I have trouble keeping tight.
☐ I have recurrent urinary tract infections, imbalances (osteoarthritis) and/or fungal infection.
☐ I experience dryness and pain during intercourse.
☐ I’ve had a reduced sex drive.
☐ I am pregnant, have recently given birth to babies or breastfeeding.
If you have answered yes to one or more of the statements above, then contact your health clinic and make an appointment with a doctor or gynecologist who can help you with advice, treatment and tips.
Treatment for dry and brittle mucous membranes
If the reason for dry and fragile mucous membranes is estrogen deficiency, then there are different types of estrogen treatments. Treatment with estrogen means replacing the reduced amount of sex hormone that the body should produce itself. Hormones in drug form, the estrogen in medicine, strengthen the mucous membrane of the genital area and help relieve the problems that arise in dry mucous membranes.
Estrogen treatment: There are two types of estrogen treatment, the most common in dry and fragile mucous membranes is to apply a low dose of estrogen locally in the vagina. There are creams or vaginas, tablets that are inserted into the vagina with the applicator and then there is a prescription vaginal ring. The second variant, when you take estrogen in the form of tablets, gel or patch. However, there is a slight increased risk of breast cancer if you have used this method for more than ten years.
Estrogen-free treatment: If the cause of dry and fragile mucous membranes is not estrogen deficiency, such as pregnancy, breastfeeding, medication or stress, there are other estrogen-free options. There are vaginal gels or vaginas that contain a lot of moisture at the right pH and that adhere to the abdominal wall. The gel gives the mucosal cells a long-lasting moisture which allows the cells to heal and regain their elasticity as well as to remove dead cells. Estrogen-free gel can be used in combination with local estrogen therapy.
Intimate cream: If you suffer from dry mucous membranes, you may be extra sensitive to irritation in the external intimate area, for example after cleaning the abdomen. To prevent discomfort, you can use an intimate cream that softens the sensitive skin and mucous membranes of the outer intimate area and restores the fat balance after cleaning. The high fat content of the creams forms a membrane that protects the mucous membranes and dampens friction. There are also intimate creams that contain lactic acid and the right pH that make the body’s natural protective functions stronger and harmful bacteria more difficult to cause odor, irritation and discomfort.
Tips for dry and brittle mucous membranes
Everyone who has ever had dry and fragile mucous membranes testifies that it is a pain. Both physically but also mentally as it is one of the issues that have been talked about quietly. Fortunately, that has now begun to change and today we see an increased openness to talk about women-related problems in a more coercive way. After all, it is a natural part of life and there is no need to bite and suffer in silence. You are far from alone in experiencing the trouble of dry and brittle mucous membranes.
Talk to your doctor or gynecologist or consult your pharmacist to find the treatment method that suits you best. If you experience problems with pleasure and cohabitation, talk to your partner and use lubricants.