Medically Reviewed by Dr. David Costa Navarro
What are dizziness?
Vertigo is a disorder in which the individual has the impression of moving in space (especially rotating on himself) or seeing objects moving around him, usually with loss of balance. It is due to alteration of the structures of the inner ear, where the apparatus that regulates balance is located.
What are the causes
The causes can be different:
- sudden reduction of blood circulation in the brain (e.g. by moving from a lying down position to a standing position or by prolonged stay in an upright position, without moving);
- ear disorders: Ménière’s syndrome, meningitis, otitis media, labyrinthitis; abuse of alcoholic beverages;
- treatment with drugs that lower blood pressure, diuretics and with some psychotropic drugs;
- motion sickness, e.g. car sickness, air sickness or sea sickness;
- it can be the consequence of a febrile illness or viral infections. Symptoms are characterized by massive dizziness, which worsens with head movements, usually lasting a few days, although attacks can sometimes repeat for weeks or even months.
How they manifest
Vertigo manifests itself as a sensation of movement of the body or objects and is often associated with loss of balance, nausea, vomiting and involuntary movements of the eyeballs.
What are the risks
” Since there may be various pathologies that have the symptom ” vertigo ” and since almost all are borne by the inner ear, it is important to promptly report this symptom to the doctor, especially if frequent and persistent, so that it can be ascertained the cause and establish a suitable therapy, thus avoiding an aggravation of the disease and a possible hearing impairment.