Damaged Thumb

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Last Medical Review: March 28, 2020
Medically Reviewed by Dr. David Costa Navarro
Broken Thumb (March 28, 2020)

You may need to seek care if you injure your thumb, as it is important for the grip function of the hand. It may be necessary to get treatment for the hand to function well again.

Different types of thumb injuries

The middle leg of the thumb leading to the wrist, also called the thumb, can be broken. It happens, for example, if the leg gets a stroke in the direction with or against the hand. The injuries are called Bennet fracture or Rolando fracture and are a common type of injury that requires treatment.

Another common injury is that the thumb ligaments are damaged. The damage occurs if the thumb bends outward with great force, for example when you ski and fall so that the thumb is pressed outwards by the ski pole.


An injured thumb usually hurts and becomes swollen closest to the wrist or thumb’s base. You can also find it difficult to grasp things with your thumb.

When and where should I seek care?

Seek medical care directly at a health care center or on-call reception if you have injured your thumb and are in pain, while the thumb joints against the wrist or the thumb joints are swollen.


You usually get good if you seek care immediately after you have injured your thumb. Often, light treatment is sufficient, for example with bandages and rails that are removed after a maximum of two weeks.


You need surgery to get the damaged parts back in place if you have a Bennet fracture, Rolando fracture or have damaged the thumb ligament. After the operation, you will have your thumb, wrist and forearm plastered for six weeks.

It is important that you exercise the mobility and power of your hand afterwards. It takes about a month.

Influence and participate in your care

You can seek care at any health center or open specialist clinic you want throughout the country. Sometimes referral to the open specialized care is required.

You should understand the information

In order for you to be involved in your care and treatment, it is important that you understand the information you receive from the healthcare personnel.

You have the opportunity to get help from an interpreter if you do not speak English. You also have the opportunity to get help from an interpreter if you have a hearing loss.

If you need tools, you should get information about what is available and how to get it.

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