Medically Reviewed by Dr. Luis Alberto Vallejo
It is known as Cryomassage to the application of local massage by means of ice or another agent that retains the cold temperature.
It is a massage that is applied along the muscle mass in slow and sustained friction, which glides parallel to the painful muscle fibers.
- Vasoconstriction: At the level of dermal circulation, with paleness (vasomotor effect) and unpleasant sensation at the beginning that disappears later.
- Thermo analgesia: It occurs on the surface by blocking fibers A, B and C.
- Reduction of the painful threshold by blocking the conduction of nerve impulses by inhibition of sensory and motor nerve endings.
- Reduction of local circulation (decreases the flow but increases the pressure).
- Bounce effect at 7-8 minutes approximately.
- Reduction of inflammation and local edema as it improves the absorption of interstitial fluid.
- Decreased hematoma due to vasoconstriction and reduced flow.
- Break the circle: pain-spasm-pain which allows a better passive and active stretching of the muscle, fascia and ligament.
- Increases isometric contraction and muscle extensibility.
It is recommended that the applied weight increase as the session progresses.
Rubbing and friction techniques will be used.
Smooth and longitudinal movements are performed on the muscles.
Circular and longitudinal movements are applied on trigger points or very localized.
The duration is 5 or 10 minutes, 15 minutes maximum due to the rebound effect.
It is recommended that the application of this massage be daily sessions.
Another good recommendation is that after the cryomassage a venous return is performed, mainly in cases of athletes, to improve lymphatic circulation and the disposal of waste substances from the body.
It is important that the area always dries after it is passed with the cold agent so as not to divert the stimulus through the drops of water.
Forms of application
- Wet Cryo Massage: Direct application of the cold agent on the skin. It is the most effective way.
- Dry Cryo Massage: Application using a cloth or towel between the skin and the cold agent.
- CRICER technique: Cryotherapy-compression-elevation-rest.
- Burns due to excessive application time.
- Excess anesthesia that disguises the lesion and activity is resumed causing aggravation of the lesion.
- Cold intolerance
- Contractual Muscles
- Local pain
- Joint inflammation
- Trigger points