Croup

Body is caused by a viral infection. Children who have a body often get a barking cough and a wheezing or wheezing. There are several things you can do yourself to reduce the hassle of the child. Sometimes children with croup also need different treatment to facilitate breathing.

Symptoms of body

Krupp usually presents one or more of the following problems:

  • The child gets a barking cough.
  • It beeps or hisses when the child breathes, especially when the child breathes.
  • The child gets strained breathing.
  • The child gets furious.

Before the body trouble starts, the child may have had common cold symptoms for some or a few days. The trouble can also come suddenly, without the child having any cold symptoms.

Most common in the evening

The trouble with the body is because the vocal cords and the area below the vocal cords have become swollen. As the baby lies down, the swelling increases. Therefore, the body trouble often comes in the evening when the child is going to sleep or has slept for a while.

The trouble often starts directly with barking cough and it beeps or wheezes as the child inhales. When the child comes up in a sitting or standing position, the trouble usually diminishes.

The group problems usually last for one to two days, and rarely longer than one week. Some children have problems even during the day, although the problems are usually worse at night.

Krupp can be uncomfortable both for the child and for you as an adult. 

More difficult breathing

Sometimes the child’s problems can be more difficult. Pay attention to the child’s breathing and how they feel at large.

In the case of more severe problems with increasing shortness of breath, it looks strained and hard when the child is breathing. Breathing gets faster and the heart beats faster. The skin between the ribs and around the clavicles can be pulled inward as the baby breathes.

In very difficult conditions, the baby’s lips and fingers can turn blue. It is a sign of lack of oxygen. The child will then also become very tired and powerless. General paleness and weakness in the child are also serious signs.

When and where should I seek care for the child?

Often it is enough to do what you can do yourself if your child has barking cough, easier breathing difficulties and feels good otherwise. But in some cases, you should seek care for your child.

Contact a health care center or one immediately on-call reception if the child has one or more of the following problems:

  • The child has respiratory problems that do not relieve within about 15-30 minutes.
  • The child gets a high or fast rising fever and becomes increasingly tired.

If it is closed at the health center or on-call reception, seek care at an emergency room.

If it’s in a hurry

Call 911 if the child has one or more of the following symptoms:

  • The child is very difficult to breathe.
  • The baby’s lips and fingers turn blue.
  • The child becomes very tired, pale and is generally weak in the body.
  • The child has very difficult to breathe, can not swallow his saliva and swallows.

What can I do for myself?

There are several things you can do yourself to reduce the hassle and ease the baby.

  • Often it is enough if the child is allowed to come up and sit in your arms or stand up. This reduces the swelling of the mucous membrane.
  • Comfort and calm the child. It is common for the child to be worried, screaming or crying and then the problems become worse. Also try to keep calm yourself so you can better comfort the child.
  • Let the child breathe cool air, for example at an open window, on the balcony or on the balcony. Cool air can reduce the swelling of the mucous membranes.
  • Try to get the baby to drink, as drinking can relieve the cough.
  • You can give nasal spray if the baby is stuffy in the nose. It can make it easier for the child to breathe.

When breathing has improved and the child is going to sleep, you can raise the head end of the child’s bed to reduce the risk of the trouble coming back. The easiest is to bed with extra pillows at the head end. Put the pillows under the mattress and they won’t slip away.

Children may have difficulty eating and drinking due to sore throat. Then you can give your child painkillers containing paracetamol. Read more about non-prescription drugs for children here.

Surveys

Most often, the doctor does not need to do any special examinations of the baby, except a regular body examination. Taking samples can make the child upset, which increases the hassle. Therefore, sampling is avoided unless absolutely necessary.

Investigations for other causes

If there are suspicions of other causes of the symptoms, further examinations may need to be done, such as blood tests and x-rays of the lungs.

Treatment

If the child gets more serious, they may be treated at an emergency room or hospital to reduce the swelling and facilitate breathing.

Treatment with cortisone and adrenaline

Krupp can be treated with cortisone in tablet form. The tablets dissolve in a little water. As an alternative to tablets, the child can breathe cortisone. Cortisone reduces inflammation and swelling in the trachea.

In order for the swelling to decrease faster and to make it easier to breathe, the child can breathe in adrenaline. Adrenaline is a hormone that pulls blood vessels together which in turn reduces the swelling in the mucous membranes of the trachea. The side effects of adrenaline are that the heart beats faster and that blood pressure increases, but it goes away quickly.

Children who have received adrenaline tend to stay in the hospital for a while to see if the treatment helps and if the effect persists.

Treatment with inhaled drugs is especially needed if the child has a wheezing or wheezing breath even when it is resting and taking it easy. In the case of more severe breathing problems, the baby also gets oxygenated.

Sometimes more treatment is needed

If the treatment does not help, the child will usually be admitted to a children’s clinic for continued treatment.

Since the body is caused by a viral infection, it cannot be treated with antibiotics.

What is body?

Krupp is a disease caused by common cold viruses. There are several different types of viruses that can cause a body. The most common is a variety called parainfluenza virus. Other causes include influenza virus and RS virus.

Illness in younger children

Krupp is most common in autumn and winter. It is mainly children between six months and three years who get the disease. Krupp is most common around the age of two. When children grow older, the group problems tend to decrease, and at the age of five to six years, the problems usually disappear.

Some children often suffer from a group infection in a viral infection. Other children get into trouble once in a while.

Krupp, pseudo-group or false group?

Krupp is sometimes also called a false group or a pseudo group. Earlier, the serious illness called diphtheria was a true body. Diphtheria is very uncommon in Sweden today because vaccines against the disease are included in the vaccination program for children.

How can I reduce the risk of croup?

It is good to raise the head end of the bed when the child gets a cold, if the child has previously had a body trouble. This reduces the risk of swelling of the trachea.

The various viruses that can cause the body are so common that the infection itself is difficult to avoid. The infection is spread mainly through direct contact from hand to mouth. It can also spread through the air with small drops, for example, when someone coughs.

Children who are exposed to tobacco smoke in the surrounding area are more easily chilled, so avoid smoking near children.

What happens in the body?

Krupp is because a virus has infected the child’s mucous membranes in the throat and trachea. The infection causes inflammation and the mucous membranes swell. Sometimes the infection also causes a cold, but it does not have to be.

Swelling below the vocal cords

Some children get more severe inflammation on the vocal cords, parts of the larynx and just below the vocal cords. It affects the air flow so that the children get a wheezing or wheezing. The child will have difficulty breathing if the swelling becomes severe. The swelling around the vocal cords also causes the child to become hesitant.

One of the reasons why it is mainly younger children who get body is that the trachea is narrower the younger the child is. Therefore, even a small swelling of the mucous membrane can make it difficult for the air to pass.

Affect and participate in health care

You can seek care at any healthcare center you want throughout the country.

The information should be understandable

There is no age limit for when a child can have influence over their care. The child’s ability to relate to the child’s maturity.

The older the child, the more important it is for them to be involved in their care. In order to be active in the care and to make decisions, it is important that you as an adult and the child understand the information you receive from the healthcare staff.

You have the opportunity to interpret other languages ​​if one of you does not speak English. You also have the option of interpreting assistance if, for example, one of you has a hearing loss.

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