Child Development 6-12 Months

The child understands more and more and wants to try to solve problems himself. Most children are more social now, but may have a period when they are shy and afraid of what is foreign. The language develops and some children say their first word. Many children learn to crawl and get up. Some take their first steps.

All children are unique and have their own development. However, there are some characteristics that are common and typical for most children in an age group. These are described here.

It can vary greatly in how children develop. To understand and recognize your child you may also need to read about the child’s development 0-6 months or about the child’s development 1-2 years .

Here is more to read and watch about the very first time with the child . There is information about, among other things, food, sleep and taking care of and protecting the child. There are also movies on how it can be right in the beginning.

Development is going fast at different periods

During the first year of life, the child develops faster than ever later in life.

The development is different at different times and can vary greatly from child to child, even between siblings.

When the child learns new things, the child can sometimes become anxious and change their mood. They may need more closeness than before.

A child’s development is affected by many circumstances. There are individual conditions and events that can affect how a child develops, both in the short and longer term. For example, it may be if the child is born prematurely, has a disability or is involved in a major change in life.

You need to be active in the child’s development

The child is completely dependent on adults. You and others who are closest to the child are very important for how the child feels, develops and relates to their surroundings. The child is influenced by how you provide closeness, encouragement and give them what they need.

The child feels safe when adults care and understands what they need. Among other things, it is about them having to eat, sleep, be close and social, and discover the outside world with you.

6-8 months How the child thinks, understands and feels

The child often tries to solve problems, for example how they can reach a toy that is some distance away. With hands and mouths the child learns that things are soft or hard, cold or warm, if they are wet or dry. By being involved in telling what the child sees, does and experiences, you encourage the child to continue to learn.

Concern for the stranger

It is very common for children to be a little shy or worried about what they do not know. Children can also take time to get used to new things.

Sometime during the child’s second half, it is common for curiosity for the outside world to decrease a little. The child becomes more dependent and seeks more closeness with you and other adults who are close to them. It is common for children to show fear of what is unknown and begin to cry when people they do not know come too close. Children can also be shy to people they have met a lot. That children are scared and shy is usually temporary.

The fear is related to the fact that they are learning that you are one of the most important people who provide security and protection when needed. The child can therefore protest if they are separated from you. The child is also more difficult to calm down and be comforted by people who feel less well. The child needs to be able to approach different people and situations at their own pace.

It may also take time to get used to new things.

Security and proximity

Some children start to sleep more anxiously. Then it can help with routines, for example that the nighting is about the same every night . The fact that the child recognizes what is happening can make them feel more secure.

Children can be a little clingy at this age. It may be because they want to be sure that you are there and see what they are doing, to dare to discover and explore. You and others who are close to the child are important as a safety to come back to when they discover their surroundings.

Some children may now begin to feel the comfort of a teddy bear, a blanket blanket or something reminiscent of the security that the parent usually stands for.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Hide for a short while, look again and say look! The child can practice remembering something that is out of sight but soon reappears.
  • Let the child look at a small toy for a few seconds, then hide it under a piece of cloth and ask where it is. Remove the fabric and say, “Here it is!” After a while, the child may find the toy himself under the fabric.
  • Children of this age can often move things from place to place. Use building blocks or other things and a box, so the child can stop in and out of these. Let the child experiment with stopping in and picking up and experience that the box gets full. Tell us what the child is doing. For example: “Now you put in a red block, now you pick up a blue block.”

6-8 months How the child communicates

At this age, many children begin to do this:

  • Abyss with consonants, for example ma-ma-ma or ba-ba-ba.
  • Try to mimic the language spoken around them.
  • Play with sounds and practice pronouncing sounds that they hear.
  • Listen attentively as you speak.
  • Responds when they hear their name.
  • Begins to understand some words, for example what is meant by the word no. But the child, on the other hand, cannot be expected to follow the word and be able to stop if you say no.
  • Hear the difference between questions and statements.
  • Uses the voice more varied, for example, to express joy and anger.

Contact me and can tell you when they want something

By trying to understand and interpret each other’s expressions, you learn to communicate with each other. The child can in his/her way announce when they want to eat, sleep or play. The child can cry instead of screaming when they want something.

At this age, the child also begins to pay attention to other children. You can see that children of the same age are starting to smile and crawl to each other and maybe try to take each other’s toys. Children of this age may be curious about other children but they are not playing with each other yet.

Talk and tell

For the child, it is exciting and exciting that you tell and talk to them and respond when they try to communicate with you. You practice taking turns. It does not matter if the child does not understand everything you say, the important thing is that you talk and that the child gets a good feeling that you are socializing. For example, you can tell what the child sees and experiences.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Respond to the child’s sounds and dinghy.
  • Read, point and look in books with the child. Follow how the child looks and listens. It is good with books that the child can bite into.
  • Roll a ball between you. Say “I’m rolling for you, now it’s your turn to roll for me.”
  • Tell me about what you see when you go out and how it sounds: “Look where a dog comes. How does a dog sound?
  • Talk and sing. Make frames and finger plays such as “Imse Vimse spindle”.
  • Feel free to ask at the library for tips on music or books with songs and songs. You can also find a lot on the internet.

6-8 months The body and how the child moves

At this age many children can sit for a while, without support. Some children begin to move. At first, the child hurries back most and spins around on the floor. Some children eel, others hose using their arms or hunch forward on the butt using one leg.

Most try to stand on their knees and hands, and eventually learn to crawl. Some children do not crawl at all.

Many children can be a little frustrated when exercising. They often become calmer when they have learned.

At this age, many children begin to do this:

  • Holding things in both hands at the same time. Move things between your hands.
  • Examines things in different ways by shaking, throwing and dropping them.
  • Helps to get a little closer when dressing or wearing them, by stretching out arms and legs.
  • Moves from sitting to crawl posture.
  • Holds a spoon shaft.
  • Takes food by hand from the plate.
  • Shows their will by pinching their mouths and turning their heads away when they are measured.

Mouth

The child needs to exercise to learn to eat and drink himself. To be able to drink from mugs or beep mugs with larger holes, the child needs to take large sips. The child learns to push the tongue down so that a small bowl is formed in the mouth, otherwise the liquid will run out of the mouth again.

At this age you can usually provide food that contains small soft pieces. Many children can now move the tongue sideways and make chewing movements. The child can also protect the throat if the food is wrong. They then set up the tongue or cough as shelter.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Pick out pots, lids, whispers and spoons that the child can have as an instrument.
  • In order for the child to be able to eat by himself, some training is needed. You can make small sandwich pieces and put in front of the baby. Picking up the pieces and bringing them to your mouth is a great way to exercise.
  • Let the child explore and mess with the food.
  • Allow the child space to move. It is important for the child to get to know how the body feels and how it can move.
  • Let the child use toys on wheels, they can be fun to push in front of and crawl for.
  • Let the child play with balls, they are often fun and easy to pick up.
  • Make the home child-safe even before the child begins to move, for example by putting pet covers in contacts.

8-10 months How the child thinks, understands and feels

At this age, many children understand that something can exist even if it is not visible. If you play and you hide a toy under a blanket, the child can remember and show where it lies, perhaps by lifting the blanket.

Now the child can explore more purposefully and sometimes sit himself and try to solve problems. For example, it can be about learning to open and close a door.

The child learns to understand how things are connected. The child would like adults or siblings to join the game. The child learns best by using all their senses with you in everyday life.

The child can open cabinets and drawers to see what is hiding there. By examining things with their hands and mouths, the child learns how things work and relate to each other. Throwing, turning on, sucking on and biting into things is also a way to investigate. Repeating is the basis for how the child learns.

Many children can now stack a few blocks and small talk in their own way with, for example, the teddy bear or the doll.

Detects at its pace

The child may become worried if you leave them and are happy to follow when you disappear out of sight. Over time, the fear of separation and fear of the stranger diminishes. When you are there, the child learns to be safe adults if they need them.

That the child is afraid of what they do not know is part of the development, and is needed for the child to discover at a reasonable rate. Towards the end of this period, many children become more outgoing and interested in the outside world again.

The memory is good and the child wants routines

The memory is well developed and the child expects certain things during the day, such as routines for when to eat, change diapers and sleep.

At this age, it is common for children to do this:

  • Examines objects in different ways by shaking, throwing and dropping them.
  • Prefer some people and some toys.
  • Am a little shy or worried about strangers.
  • Can sleep more anxiously and start dreaming more as they begin to explore their surroundings.
  • Enjoy routines.
  • Begins to use things in the way they are intended, such as pushing phones and remote controls.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Have the child explore what is the same and different, how things feel, smell, look, taste and sound.
  • Children usually like to stack blocks, which they can then tear.
  • It is fun for the child to be able to make things happen for himself. It can be pushing buttons, ringing a bell or opening a door. It makes the child think in new ways.
  • Play with the phone. Start by saying hello, talk for a bit and end with hello. Hand over the phone to the child to keep them playing.

8-10 months How the child communicates

At this age, you and your child can discover more and more interesting things together. It is necessary for the child to understand how the world works. Sharing experiences is good for the child and affects how they develop in relationships with others. Discovering things together helps the child to put words to things later, and to use language to socialize.

Children understand words before they can talk and can show it by, for example, turning to a sibling or teddy bear when you say its name.

Children of this age tend to enjoy textbooks with large, colorful pictures of objects they recognize.

At the end of this period, single children say the first real words, like “look.” But for most, it takes a while.

It is not always easy to hear the difference between dinghies and real words. When the child repeats different dinghy sounds, it can be interpreted as real words, and you then confirm and repeat the correct words.

If the child begins to say their first words, you can encourage the child to continue doing so, by repeating what they say and showing joy and pride in what they can.

Talk to the child

For the child, it is exciting and exciting that you tell and talk to them and respond when they try to communicate with you. It does not matter if the child does not understand everything you say. The important thing is that the child gets a good feeling that you are socializing. For example, you can tell what the child sees and experiences. Repeat what the child says. Respond to the child’s sounds, movements and looks. You practice turning around and the child is stimulated to mimic different sounds.

At the end of this period, it is common for many children to do this:

  • Have favorite sounds that they repeat often.
  • Begins to say the first real words, like “look”.
  • Shows that they understand many words.
  • Answers recognition of songs you usually sing together.
  • Is durable and does not lose interest as easily as before.
  • Shows dissatisfaction or frustration by, for example, throwing things at the floor or making grimaces.
  • Uses simple movements to express oneself, like shaking your head to say no.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Point to the pictures in a book and tell them what things are called and maybe how they sound. Let the child speak to the pictures with body movements and gestures, by pointing or just watching.
  • Look at things together and put words into what the child sees.
  • Tell your child what you are doing and what to do during the day: “Now that you have finished eating, we should go and change the diaper.”
  • Play pat and finger play. For example, “Bake, bake small cake” or “Thumb tott, sliced ​​pot, tall man, golden fire, and little wicker wire”.
  • Play take-out game, such as “look-out”.

8-10 months The body and how the baby moves

Previously, the child used his whole hand when they took in something. At this age, the child can begin to use his thumb and forefinger. It’s called the tweezers. The child also starts to pick up small things with his fingers.

Remove and make the whole home child-safe, for example by putting anti-tip on stove and bookshelves.

Some want to stand for themselves

Some children have learned to move forward, for example, by crawling. After that, it’s time to learn how to stand up. The child may try to rise against, for example, a piece of furniture or against someone’s legs. At first, they may just get up so they are on their knees, but they often learn to stand up completely.

Then the child can try to move sideways. But the safest and fastest way is still to get crawling or rushing.

Eventually, the child learns that they can use their feet to move forward and learn to put one foot in front of the other. Arms and hands are used to keep balance.

Training to sit down

Many children also practice bending their knees and sitting down from standing. In the beginning, something solid is needed to hold on.

When the child can stand up and stand, you need to make sure that the furniture cannot overturn or that the child cannot get things over, such as tablecloths, lamps and computers. Lower the child’s bed base if possible so that they cannot fall out of bed.

At this age, it is common for many children to do this:

  • Want to eat myself and manage to eat slightly larger pieces. For example, peas and corn grains can be good for training the tweezers. Always be with the child when they are taking something small.
  • Scratches with color on a paper.
  • Picking up and releasing things.

Mouth

Maybe the first teeth have arrived  now. The child uses the jaws to atomize the food and tries the tongue to create new, fun sounds.

Now you can start providing food with slightly larger pieces . This means that the child exercises other movements with the mouth. It also allows the child to learn to speak more clearly.

The child needs to taste and feel the food. You can give your child a spoon that they can eat with, while feeding with another spoon.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Most children like to cuddle. Chase the child by crawling after them and let the child chase you.
  • Roll balls to each other.
  • Let the child help unpack packages, it is fun with rattling paper and the cords.
  • Put toys in boxes and ask the child to open the boxes.
  • Let the child drink from both a cup and a bottle. Choose a good mug that stands firm and has two handles.
  • Let the child use the spoon at meals, even if it is most commonly used to beat.
  • Everyday things are usually the best toys, such as lids, pots, whips and plastic bottles. Rice grains rattling in a plastic jar can be at least as fun as an expensive toy.

10-12 months How the child thinks, understands and feels

At this age, the child does what they have learned over and over again. They practice to get better and feel more secure about it. For example, it can be about stacking and building, picking in and out, and matching things together.

The child can sit for a long time and hit a bolt board or shake something that sounds. In this way, the child learns to understand that something happens when they do in a certain way, and that different activities produce different sounds.

The child is getting better at using his hands and they are used to feeling and experiencing things. It is fun to pour and empty different types of contents from cans or small buckets. Sand and finger paint are usually fun. Children usually enjoy being able to feel and feel the dry sand or the wet giggle.

Now it becomes more interesting how things relate to each other. For example, something is inside, outside, above or below something else.

Children usually like to throw things around. By seeing how things end up on the floor, the child learns to understand that “here I am and there it is”.

Affected by others and affecting others

The child can increasingly share feelings with others. For example, the child may be happy if someone in the area is happy, or the child will be surprised if someone in the area is surprised.

They can also be increasingly affected by the reactions of you and other adults, and make them their own. An example is if the child falls without hurting him. But if you look anxious or sad, the child gets signals that it was actually something that could hurt. It may cause the child to cry. And on the contrary, the child can calm down when they are worried, by showing the child with your facial expression that you are calm.

The child notices that they can influence their surroundings. When the child shouts, expect them to come and help.

Many children become more curious and more open to discovering other people and things. They dare more. The fear of the alien usually diminishes at this age.

Many children want to be where their parents are and they imitate and imitate. It is often fun to move around among the bowls and pots in the kitchen cabinets and to be able to “help” with cooking.

Can yourself

Now the child’s own will is becoming more and more evident. The child wants to be able to himself and may protest when you try to help.

The child can feel pride in himself and how he can handle various things. It is good that the child tries to manage things himself, although it may take a long time or be a little wrong.

Moved and alternated

Many children enjoy games where they are allowed to mimic, and games where you take turns doing things. The child is happy to repeat, examine over and over with hands and mouth, shake and throw things. For you it can be a routine thing, for the child it is a new opportunity to learn something.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Let the child sit in a safe swing. While you are rocking the baby, you can cuddle, talk or sing a little. Tell the child to swing up and down and back and forth.
  • Tie a rope to a soft toy or toy. Hide it under a chair so that only the rope is visible. Ask where the animal is. Show how the child can pull the rope so that the animal or toy is visible again.
  • Let the child bathe a doll. Show the doll’s different body parts and then show the same body part to the child.
  • Let the child paint with finger paint. Put the child naked on a firm surface, such as a bath mat, and let her try the finger paint.
  • Play music that the child enjoys.
  • By having routines during laying, the child knows what to expect. It then becomes less difficult to transition from play to sleep. For example, it may be that the child is bathing, and that you then read a book or sing a song.

10-12 months How the child communicates

At this age, children can follow the gaze when someone else points. The child then begins to use gestures to communicate, for example, show and point. Some children point as early as 8 months of age, others not until 16 months of age. After one year of age, it is common for the child to often point and sound at the same time. The child then shows interest in something with both gesture and sound.

The first words

It is very different when children say their first real words. For most people it happens around the age of one, but it can be very different. Some children say the first words at the age of 10 months, others at the age of 17 months or later. Children can have long dingy sequences that sound like real numbers. It may be different how different people perceive when the child says their first words. For example, one person may think that the child is saying a word, while another may perceive it as dingy and noisy.

Now the child understands a lot of the most common words you use.

Show that you have understood what the child means

The child uses sounds along with gestures and faces to make others understand. She might point, look interested or nod at things she wants. It is not always easy to understand what the child means. When you show that you understand what the child wants to say and put words to it, then you learn the child to express himself. Much of what happens daily means that the child can train to communicate, for example when they want more food on the plate or need to change diapers.

Understand photos first

The child begins to understand that pictures represent something real. When the child points to a picture with a dog, the child talks about knowing that the picture represents a real dog. Children often understand photos before they understand cartoon images.

Tell me long enough

When you read or tell something, your child may have patience for a short while at a time. Pay attention to what the child does and how interested they seem to be. You may try to adjust the length of the story to suit what seems right for the child.

At this age, it is common for many children to do this:

  • Lets start pointing to simple objects such as a lamp or a clock.
  • Trying to mimic words.
  • Follows simple prompts, such as picking up something, patting something, hugging or kissing something or waving.
  • Say no, and know what that means. Often reinforces no shaking of the head.
  • Waving goodbye then.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Pay attention to the gestures and words the child uses, and respond to them as if they were a little more content than they actually are. For example, if the child is interested in a mug, you can say: “Yes, what a nice mug, we can pour some water in and let the doll drink!”
  • Explain and put into words what is happening around the child, for example what the child sees and hears.
  • Let the child help in everyday life, for example by asking them to pick things up.
  • Sing songs together, for example where the child can sound like different animals.
  • Read simple frames and let the child fill in words or gestures they can.
  • Play plays where you take turns, for example look-out.
  • Ask at the library for tips on music or books with songs and songs. You can also find such on the internet.

10-12 months The body and how the baby moves

At this age, children can move on their own, for example by crawling, eeling, tapping or walking. Many children can put themselves down. Children usually have a pretty good balance and can usually stand for a short time without support.

Many can go with the help of holding someone in the hand. Some children start walking without help even before the age of one. Most others want a few more months. It is very different when children take their first steps. Walking without support is not easy. The child should be able to balance the body, lift one foot and put it in front of the other. At the same time, the child should move his weight from the back foot to the front.

At this age, it is common for many children to do this:

  • Sitting firmly in a high chair.
  • Kicks off the shoes.
  • Climbs up and down on sofas and chairs.

Let the child develop at his own pace

It is common to compare their own child’s development with that of other children. But there is no point in trying to speed things up. Children develop at different rates, including siblings. Some children are satisfied with being able to crawl and would rather sit and play than, for example, get up and train to walk.

Try to focus on what your child can do rather than what they can’t. When children receive attention for what they can do, they want to do more things, because they like attention.

Show the child when they want to start climbing

When the child wants to start climbing you can show how to crawl back down stairs, beds and sofas. Of course, an adult needs to be in the beginning. It is common for children to want to do new things over and over again. Join and teach the child instead of saying no.

As a parent, you are responsible for your child’s safety. Sometimes you may need to remove the child from some situations that can be dangerous. Setting up child gates at stairs and safety locks for cabinets and drawers can be good. Shelves and wardrobes that may fall may be screwed to the wall.

Trying to go to the potty or toilet

It is not possible to say any exact age when it is good to start training the baby to stop peeing in diaper . Some children are ready to start peeing in the toilet or pot early.

Tips on what you can do

Here are some tips on what can be fun at this age:

  • Play music. Children often enjoy rocking along with music. They train the balance to be able to take the first step and to go themselves.
  • Make sure the child has something or someone to keep up with. In order to learn to walk on their own, the child first needs to exercise by holding an adult’s hands. A learn-walk trolley with good braking function can also be good.
  • Let the child walk on many different surfaces, such as lawn, sand, asphalt and gravel. Indoors, the child can walk barefoot on mattresses, pillows and various rugs.
  • Have the child play with cans and boxes that they can fill with content and then empty.
  • Take turns feeding each other. Eat with the child. It is more enjoyable for the child and also becomes social training.

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