Chest pain

Chest pain can have a variety of reasons. However, the most common causes are mental stress or chest muscles that are overworked. If you do not know what the pain is, you should contact a doctor.

General about chest pain

Usually, chest pain is less severe than you think. For example, you may have strained the muscles in the chest and then you may feel pain and discomfort over the chest. In some cases, chest pain may be due to some illness. Various causes can cause pain over or in the chest such as mental disorders, strained muscles or diseases of the heart and stomach. About two out of ten people seeking help in care, acute or non-emergency, seek because of chest pain. In the acute cases, about half of the patients’ pain is due to the heart. But in the non-emergency cases, only 20% is because there is something wrong with the heart.

Diseases that cause chest pain

Sometimes the pain can be due to angina, which means that the vessels contract when you have become overworked. Vascular spasm feels uncomfortable and the pain is usually described as an explosive or depressing sensation that sits behind the sternum and radiates into the shoulder, arm and neck. Because you get scared when it hurts your chest, you can get anxious and start hyperventilating. However, this only makes the pain even worse and the best thing is to try to breathe calmly. If the pain does not go over, contact the emergency department.

Another cause of chest pain may be heart attack. The symptoms are similar to angina, but the pain is stronger, more persistent and does not go to rest. You can also become cold-sweaty, nauseous and unnaturally tired. If you have these symptoms, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Other reasons

There can be a variety of causes for chest pain. This may be due to myocardial infarction, enlargement of the heart muscle, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary sac inflammation, esophageal catheter, stomach ulcer, gallstones or herniated disc in the neck. If you are not sure what the pain is due to, contact a health care center or emergency room.

Diagnosis and treatment of chest pain

If you go to a doctor for your chest pain, an investigation will start. The doctor listens to the heart and does an examination of the body. You can also tell about symptoms, past illnesses and what your life looks like in general. Then you get an ECG that shows how the heart works. Other exams that may be done are chest x-ray, blood tests, heart ultrasound examination and gastroscopy. If it turns out that the pain is due to a heart disease, you are treated primarily with the help of medication. These medications increase blood flow in the coronary vessels and reduce the stress on the heart. The drugs also cushion fatigue and pain.

What to consider for chest pain

If you have chest pain problems that are not due to any underlying disease that can be medicated or operated on, it is important to try to change your life situation. Changing the diet, exercising and trying to get overweight are three things that can help a lot. You should also avoid alcohol in large amounts and stress in everyday or work. Smoking also has a negative effect and if you stop smoking, this is very positive.

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