Chalazion – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Ever heard of chalazion ? If you don’t know, this is a disease in the form of small lumps in the eyelid area. Although not sick, but enough to interfere with vision. What do you think about the causes and symptoms of chalazion ? Also find out what the cure is!

What is Chalazion?

Chalazion is a small lump that is usually painless, or swelling that appears on the eyelid. A meibomian gland or blocked oil causes a lump in the eyelid. This condition can develop in the upper or lower eyelid, and can disappear without treatment. Chalazia is a term for several Chalazion.

Chalazion sometimes confuses lumps in the eyelid internally or externally. A lump in the internal eyelid is an infection of the meibomian gland. While a bump on the external eyelid is an infection in the follicles of the eyelashes and sweat glands.

Usually the condition is painful and Chalazia is usually not. Chalazia can develop after a bump in the eye. You should see an ophthalmologist if you are worried about having chalazion, especially if it is blocking your vision or if you have had chalazia before.

Causes of Chalazion

Chalazion is caused by a blockage in one of the small meibomian glands in the upper and lower lids. The oil produced by this gland helps to moisturize the eye. Inflammation or viruses that attack the meibomian gland are the basic causes of chalazia.

Chalazia is more common in people with inflammatory conditions such as seborrhea, acne, rosacea, chronic blepharitis, or long-term eyelid inflammation.

They are also more common in people with viral conjunctivitis or infections that cover the inside of the eyes and eyelids. Recurrent or unusual Chalazia may be a symptom of a more serious condition, but this is rare.

Chalazion Risk Factors

Individuals with thicker meibomian glandular secretions than others have a greater risk of developing chalazion . If you have one chalazion, you are at greater risk of developing another in the future.

People with acne rosacea, due to changes in facial oil glands, are at greater risk of developing chalazia. Eyelid seborrhea increases the risk of developing chalazion .

Symptoms of Chalazion and Hordeolum

Hordeolum usually starts as a bump on the eyelid that looks like a pimple along the edge of the eyelid.

  • When hordeolum grows, the eyelids become swollen and sore, and the eyes may runny.
  • Usually hordeolum swells for about 3 days before they open and secrete their own contents.
  • Hordeolum usually heals in about a week.

While chalazion starts as a lump or cyst under the skin of the eyelid.

  • Unlike hordeolum, chalazion is a lump in the eyelid that does not hurt.
  • Chalazion grows slower than hordeolum. If the chalazion is large enough, it can affect the view.
  • Inflammation and swelling can spread to the area around the eyes.
  • Chalazion often subsides within a few months without treatment.

Diagnosis of Chalazion

Doctors diagnose this problem by checking the eyelids. It may be difficult to distinguish between hordeolum and chalazion . If there is a lump in the eyelid that feels hard, the doctor may diagnose it as chalazion .

The diagnosis of chalazion involves a comprehensive eye examination. Ophthalmologists seek your medical history to understand the symptoms and health problems you might have that can contribute to eyelid problems.

The doctor will examine the eyes, see the structure of the eyelids, skin texture, and appearance of the eyelashes.

Finally, the eye doctor will use a tool to see the edges of the eyelids, the base of the eyelashes, and the opening of the meibomian gland.

Although chalazion can sometimes mimic other eyelid problems, including sties and cancerous lesions, doctors generally diagnose meibomian cysts correctly.

Chalazion Treatment

Home care can overcome all that is needed for handling chalazion .

  • When a bump on the eyelid appears, apply a warm compress for 5 to 10 minutes on the bump area, doing this 3-6 times a day. This usually helps the affected area to heal faster. This method can also help open clogged pores so that it can drain and remove the contents of a lump in the eye.
  • Gently massage the bumps in the eyes after compressing warm water. This method is to remove the fluid in the lump. Previously, wash your hands thoroughly before doing massage or use tools such as cotton buds.
  • Clean the eyelids about 2 times a day to remove oil and dead skin cells that cause the formation of fluid in the eye bumps.
  • Leave the chalazion or hordeolum open on its own. Don’t squeeze or open it, unless it’s helped by an eye doctor.
  • Do not wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the bumps in the eyes are completely healed.
  • If the bumps on the eyelids do not disappear, consult an eye doctor. You may need a prescription for antibiotic eye ointment or eye drops. Using antibiotic ointment treatment such as tetracycline ointment, not because there are bacteria in the chalazion or hordeolum, but to re-regulate the blocked oil tissue there, and this requires a doctor’s prescription.
  • You may need to take antibiotic pills if the infection has spread to the eyelids or eyes.
  • If the hordeolum or chalazion is very large, the doctor may need to prick a bit of the petal tissue so that its contents can flow out and heal. Don’t try to stab a lump in the eyelid yourself.

How to Prevent Chalazion

  • Don’t rub your eyes. This can irritate the eyes and allow bacteria to spread. If you need to touch eyes, wash your hands first.
  • Protect eyes from dust and air pollution. For example, wear safety goggles when you are doing dusty tasks such as sweeping or mowing the lawn.
  • Change eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow from makeup.
  • If you experience frequent chalazion, wash your eyelids regularly with a little baby shampoo mixed with warm water.
  • Immediately treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid.

It should be noted, if the fluid in the lump in the eyelid becomes infected and spreads throughout the eyelid and the tissue around the eye, then this condition can cause orbital cellulitis. This condition causes the eyelids to turn red and swollen, so that patients can not open their eyes, feel great pain, until the fever.

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