Medically Reviewed by Dr. David Costa Navarro
It is easy for children playing or sports to fall and hit their heads. It can hurt, but the damage is usually mild. The baby may get a swelling of the skin, a bump. Most often, the bump goes down by itself after a few days.
What is a bump?
Under the skin of the head is the hard bone tissue. Therefore, the blood cannot spread during bleeding, but it becomes a hard bump.
A bump can hurt, be hard and feel sore, and it can get swollen all around. The child may get a headache for a few hours and need to rest.
If the child falls from a higher height, the blow to the head can be more severe. This can be, for example, if children fall down from the changing table, bicycles overturn, or fall off a horse. Then the child may have a concussion or bleeding inside the head.
In a more severe blow to the head, it can sometimes be a soft swelling due to a crack in the skull. Then you should seek care immediately.
A bump usually disappears by itself after a few days.
Apply something cold to the bun as soon as possible after the damage has occurred. Then the blood vessels contract and the bleeding and swelling decrease.
Here are some tips on what you can do:
- Place ice or something else cold from the freezer in a plastic bag and wrap it in a towel, garment or elastic band and press against the bun. Do not press the ice directly against the skin as it may become too cold and damage the skin or tissue.
- Use cold water or soak a towel and press against the bun, if you have no ice.
When and where should I seek care?
Most people who receive a bulb do not need to seek care because the bulb usually goes down by itself within a few days.
Seek care at a health center if the child has a headache or is tired for more than a week after the blow to the head.
If a child has one or more of the following problems, immediately contact a health care center or an on-call clinic:
- The child faints at the time of the injury, although it is a very short time.
- The child becomes worse for a while after the injury, for example, gets more headaches or becomes dizzy, confused, or if it is difficult to make contact with the child.
- The child begins to feel sick and vomits a few hours or days after the blow to the head.
- The child gets bruises around both eyes, or behind both ears. It may take a day before the bruises appear.
- The child gets a soft swelling after a severe blow to the head.
Seek care at an emergency room if it is closed at the health center or on-call reception.