Sometimes you may find that you have blood in your stool. Most often it is due to cracks in the rectum or hemorrhoids. This is harmless, but can be unpleasant.
General about blood in the stool
If you have blood in your stool, you should find out the cause. Hemorrhoids and cracks in the rectum tend to bleed and may feel a little uncomfortable, but are usually completely harmless. If you are hard in the stomach, hemorrhoids can occur and sometimes they burst if the pressure becomes too tight. Hemorrhoids usually disappear by themselves, but if you have major problems you can get treatment with drugs. Cracks can also occur when you have constipation, but many times heal by themselves. Cracks in the rectum are painful and there may be blood in the stool. The best thing is to change your diet to prevent constipation. You can also buy prescription ointments that relieve the discomfort caused by cracks. If you have blood in your stool, you should contact the health care center to find out the reason.
Other causes of blood in the stool
In some cases, you may have more serious illnesses, such as cancer or Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease is an intestinal infection that affects the entire gastrointestinal system. If you have symptoms such as blood in the stool, fistulas in the rectum, diarrhea, abdominal pain and losing weight, this can mean that you have Crohn’s disease. Cancer of the colon or rectum also emits blood in the stool. Then you also have symptoms such as altered bowel habits, stomach pain, diarrhea, fatigue and difficulty in emptying the bowel. The stools can also be mixed with mucus and you can have a palpitations.
If you suspect that you have blood in your stool, you can go to a health center to have a stool sample. You do the test yourself in your home, and then submit it to the health care center. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. Most often you take a test called F-Hb, where you investigate whether there is hemoglobin in the stool. The hemoglobin from which the blood gets its red color is an ferrous protein. A stool sample usually takes around 7 days before it is fully analyzed. As a rule, the test usually does not show any more serious illness. Sometimes the test can even be negative, which means that no blood was found in the stool.
Blood in the stool in children
If you find that a child has bloody stools, you do not need to stress up as it is usually due to completely harmless causes. For example, a child may have swollen blood when it has lost a tooth or has had nosebleeds, and then the blood will come out with the stool. It may also be because the baby has a crack in the rectum. However, having bloody stools in the case of prolonged gastric flu or due to bowel movements is extremely unusual. Other unusual sources of bloody stools may be food allergy, gastric ulcer, colon inflammation or if the child has a bleeding disorder such as Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura or Henoch-Schönlein Purpura. If the baby is unaffected by blood in the stool and it disappears after a few days, there is no need to contact a doctor. If, on the other hand, the child has other symptoms such as abdominal pain and impaired general condition, you should contact emergency care immediately.