Blood clots are a blood mechanism to clot when there are injuries or lesions, can be physiological or pathological. Blood needs to flow continuously throughout the body, but when there are injuries to the body, blood stops flowing immediately to make blood clots.
Healthy blood clots will help save someone’s condition while stopping bleeding. But blood clots can also form when they are not needed and cause heart attacks, strokes, or other serious medical problems.
Causes of Blood Clots
The process of the formation of blood clots begins every time the flowing blood comes in contact with certain substances on the skin or blood vessel walls. When touched by platelets (small pieces of a cell found in the blood) it results in damaged blood vessel walls.
Cholesterol plaques that form in arteries have this condition too. If the plaque breaks, they will begin the freezing process. Most heart attacks and strokes occur when plaque in the brain or heart suddenly bursts.
Blood clots can also form when blood does not flow properly. If platelets gather in blood vessels or the heart, platelets are more likely to stick together. Atrial fibrillation and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are two conditions in which blood moves slowly so that it can cause clotting problems.
Symptoms of Blood Clots
When clots occur in a vein, there will be redness, pain, swelling and may feel warm. Sometimes, the entire swollen area becomes bluish in color due to the large freezing.
However, if blood clots occur in the arteries, this can be more severe. Blood flows in the arteries to perform biological functions such as breathing, so if clots occur, you may experience sweating, shortness of breath, sometimes nausea, pain or pressure in the chest to digestive disorders.
When blood cannot flow properly to the brain, it causes confusion, loss of ability to see or talk. The appearance of a stroke indicates a blood clot that occurs somewhere in the body.
Treatment of Blood Clots
Blood clots are the body’s natural process when something wrong happens, so understanding the situation fully will help direct the course of treatment.
Each variation of harmless blood clots shows different indications because blood clots can occur anywhere in the body, from the brain to the feet. Ultrasound, EEG, EKG, CT scan or every important test is needed for further diagnosis.
The following are some drugs that can stop platelets from signal to each other so that platelets will not gather in any area of the body.
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Dipyridamole (Persantine)
- Prasugrel (Effient)
- Ticagrelor (Brilinta)
- Tiklopidin (Ticlid)
- Plasminogen tissue activator (tPA)
In addition, drugs called anticoagulants make it difficult for your body to make blood clots by preventing the formation of protein in the process of blood formation, such as:
- Apixaban (Eliquis)
- Dabigatran (Pradaxa)
- Edoxaban (Savaysa)
- Rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
- Warfarin (Coumadin)
Blood is more likely to clot when you don’t have the right balance between the types of proteins that cause and stop blood clots. People with hemophilia have factors that support blood clots that are not going well, so they will bleed a lot when injured.
Basically, the goal of treatment is to make blood flow normally without any abnormal clotting. Don’t forget to live a healthy lifestyle and exercise regularly to ensure healthy blood circulation.