Behavioral disorders are serious disorders in terms of behavior and emotions that can occur in children and adolescents. Children with behavioral disorders can exhibit disturbing and violent behavior patterns. Behavioral disorders that are not addressed during childhood can continue to be personality disorders in adulthood.
Understanding Behavior Disorders
Actually it is not uncommon for children and adolescents to have behavioral problems during their growth and development. However, the behavior is considered as a disorder when it lasts a long time, harms others and goes against the prevailing norms.
In the medical world, there is also the term Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD, one of the common behavioral disorders in children. Every child is at risk of experiencing a condition also known as hyperactivity.
ADHD itself is a disorder that occurs in the brain, this condition is characterized by a lack of attention or hyperactivity and impulsivity that interfere with the function and development of a child’s brain.
A child with ADHD will find it difficult to focus. Usually a person does not feel comfortable if he has to study for a long time. However, this reluctance to learn is not related to misunderstanding with what he is learning.
ADHD children like to move, it can even bother their friends. They also like to act impulsively. That is, they like to take a sudden action without thinking about it first and do not like to delay the desire.
In some cases, ADHD is detected at the age of 6-12 years. Until now the cause of ADHD has not been known with certainty. Many studies have shown that there are several factors that have the potential to influence a person’s risk level. These factors include the influence of abnormalities in the central nervous system, the influence of premature birth, to heredity.
When experiencing behavioral disorders, a child has an emotional state that is not stable. Even behavior can be very annoying when in a public place. Here are the kinds of child behavior disorders, including:
1. Can not study well
Not being able to learn here occurs because it is related to psychological conditions, not related to the child’s physical condition.
Disorders of children’s behavior can be seen from the ability to not be able to make friends with people his age or older. Because of unstable behavior, usually an individualist.
3. His feelings change quickly
A child who experiences emotional behavior can change without a definite cause. The cause of this behavior disorder is difficult to predict because the mood is easily distracted.
After knowing the characteristics of a child’s behavior disorder, you also need to talk to your child’s friends or teachers, whether they see the same behavior disorder. After that, you must find a way to support your child through the difficult times he experienced.
Symptoms of Behavioral Disorders
Symptoms of behavioral disorders vary depending on the child’s age and whether the disorder is mild, moderate, or severe. In general, behavioral disorder symptoms are divided into four general categories:
1. Aggressive behavior
These are behaviors that threaten or cause physical harm such as squabbling, intimidation of people or animals and forcing others into certain activities.
2. Destructive behavior
This involves acts of destroying property such as arson or vandalism.
3. Deceptive behavior
This may include the habit of lying repeatedly. If left unchecked, this habit leads someone to theft.
4. Break the rules
This involves resisting rules that are accepted by the community or engaging in behavior that is not appropriate for his age. This behavior may include running away, skipping school, or becoming sexually active at a very young age.
In addition, many children with behavioral disorders are irritable, have low self-esteem, and tend to be emotional. In fact, some children and teens can be involved in drug and alcohol abuse.
Keep in mind, children with behavioral disorders are often unaware that their behavior can hurt others and generally have little guilt or regret for what they are doing.
Meanwhile, symptoms commonly experienced by children or adolescents as above are also often experienced by adults, but with different intensities. Hyperactive behavior usually decreases, while symptoms of difficulty concentrating tend to get worse with increasing life pressure.
Adults who experience behavioral disorders in general will experience problems in their education, work and social relationships. This condition can usually be experienced together with several other disorders such as bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder and depression.