Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder by eating foods with very limited portions, which leads to hunger and can be fatal. Finally, this condition can be dangerous because the patient is very thin and malnourished, but the patient still considers himself overweight. Often, people with anorexia nervosa must be hospitalized. But they deny that there is something wrong with them.
Anorexia nervosa usually develops during puberty. As many as 9 out of 10 people with anorexia are women and 1 out of every 100 women in the United States experiences anorexia. A person can be considered anorexia when he limits his food intake in such a way that his weight is very low accompanied by intense fear for weight gain and excessive attention to body weight or body shape.
There are two subtypes of anorexia: One type is related to a different type of eating disorder called bulimia, which is characterized by “eating as much as possible and then vomiting”, so someone eats and then deliberately vomited. Other subtypes manifest themselves through strict and excessive restrictions on food and calories.
Someone with anorexia becomes obsessed about food and weight. Sufferers can have strange eating rituals, such as refusing to eat in front of other people or arranging food on a plate in a specific order. Many people with anorexia care a lot about food. They can collect cookbooks and prepare fancy meals for their friends and family but they don’t join to eat, they also maintain strict training and exercise.
Causes of Anorexia Nervosa
The cause of anorexia nervosa is not fully understood. This is thought to have developed from a mixture of physical, emotional, and social triggers.
- Extreme diets change the way the brain works and metabolizes, and stresses the body too. This change might make sufferers more likely to experience eating disorders.
- Genetics play a large role in anorexia and bulimia. Compared to people who don’t have this disorder, people who have eating disorders are more likely to have a family history of eating disorders, obesity, or mood disorders (such as anxiety or depression).
- The combination of certain personality traits (such as low self-confidence along with perfectionism) and cultural and social pressure can play a part in anorexia.
- For some adolescents, anorexia might be a way to deal with stress and adolescent challenges. Stressful life events, such as moving to a new environment, divorce, or the death of a loved one, can trigger anorexia.
Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa
Forms associated with anorexia can include:
- significant weight loss as a result of food intake restrictions
- afraid of being fat, even when it was clear he was very thin
- distorted body image
- excessive diet and exercise
- preoccupation with eating abnormal foods, such as counting all calories or obsessively studying cookbooks
- yellowish and dry skin
- tooth decay
- grow fine hairs that grow on the face and arms
- menstrual periods that become irregular or stop altogether
- mood swings and anxiety
- suppression of sexual desire
- cold hands and feet at normal room temperature
- trouble sleeping
- often have digestive problems, infections, or other diseases.
- physical problems which include anemia, heart palpitations, bone loss, and tooth decay.
These life-threatening problems can include suicide, heart attacks, cardiac arrhythmias, and kidney failure. All people with anorexia need treatment. In most cases, this needs to involve a doctor and need to do counseling. Opnam in the hospital is needed for those who are underweight or who have severe medical problems. The goal of treatment is to restore healthy weight and healthy eating habits.
If you have an eating disorder, try not to refuse treatment. Even though you may be very afraid of gaining weight, try to think of weight as a life-saving measure. With medical and psychological assistance, you can learn to eat well and maintain your weight at a healthy level.
Recovery of Anorexia Nervosa
Ideally, one can get rid of anorexia with the help of a team that includes a mental health professional (such as a licensed psychologist or counselor), a medical health professional (such as a doctor or nurse), and a nutritionist.
If a medical condition is not life-threatening, patient care can include:
- Medical treatment. If malnutrition or hunger have begun to interfere, medical care will be a top priority. The doctor will concentrate on medical conditions caused by anorexia, such as osteoporosis, heart problems, or depression. When the patient starts to show a better condition, the doctor will continue to follow the condition of health and weight.
- Nutrition counseling. A nutritionist will help take control of the patient’s weight management in a healthy way. Patients will learn how to eat healthy and get a good understanding of nutrition.
- Talking to a health professional like a psychologist will help you overcome the emotional reasons behind anorexia. For example, you can discuss life pressures, beliefs about healthy food and weight, or certain personality traits that might cause anorexia.
Important parts of recovery will include:
- Control the habits of controlling unhealthy eating.
- Learn how to control emotions.
- Build trust in others who try to help patients
For adolescents with anorexia, family involvement is an important part of treatment. Family therapy such as parents supporting children, both emotionally and physically will have a positive effect during the recovery process.
Emergency Care Anorexia Nervosa
Being very thin can cause dehydration, hunger, electrolyte imbalance, and anything that can be life threatening. If anorexia causes life-threatening medical problems, you need urgent medical treatment. Hospital stays are required for those who are seriously underweight or who have severe medical problems. A few weeks in hospital followed by outpatient treatment to monitor your progress. Treatment includes:
- Treat hunger. This can include treating medical problems such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, or heart problems. If you can’t eat, you are given nutrition in liquid form.
- Nutrition rehabilitation. The medical team helps to achieve a healthy weight carefully and gradually, learn when your body feels hungry and full, and start a healthy diet.
Insurance varies for inpatient treatment for eating disorders. Check what is obtained to the insurance operator for hospitalization for eating disorders.
Things to think about:
- Anorexia can be a lifelong disease. Many people recover, some get worse, and some have problems with anorexia throughout their lives.
- People with anorexia at a young age and starting treatment early in the disease will usually have a good prognosis.
- Anorexia is more difficult to treat when it has been going on for a long time and refuses to be treated.
Many people who do not get treatment for mental health problems. You may not be seeking treatment because you think your symptoms are not bad enough or that you can work normally. However, anorexia is important to treat. If you need help deciding whether you need to go to the doctor, read about some reasons why people don’t get help and how to deal with it independently.