ADHD in Children – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is ADHD? ADHD is the abbreviation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, one of the child’s most common disorders. Symptoms include a child who is not attentive, impulsive (acting suddenly), and hyperactivity.

ADHD is a developmental disorder in increasing children’s motor activity that can last into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have difficulty sitting still, following directions, and completing tasks at home or school.

Symptoms of ADHD in Children

The following are ADHD symptoms that indicate a child has ADHD.

  • Always moving or active
  • Not able to listen to the person who is talking to him
  • Trouble playing calmly
  • Frequent excessive talking
  • Annoying friends or bothering others
  • Easily disturbed or easily distracted
  • Not able to complete the task completely

Even though your child may have some symptoms that look like ADHD, it is not certain that a child has ADHD. That’s why you need to visit a doctor to check it.

Diagnosis of ADHD in Children

There are no specific tests or definitive tests for detecting ADHD in children. To diagnose it, it takes several steps and involves a lot of information from various sources. All people around your child must be involved to assess the child’s behavior.

Usually, doctors will diagnose ADHD in childhood when they have shown 6 specific symptoms of ADHD for more than 6 months. The doctor will consider how the child’s behavior compares to other children of the same age.

A doctor will do a physical examination, ask for a medical history and maybe even suggest a brain scan. Usually the doctor will diagnose ADHD based on the guidelines of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. The doctor will also do a vision and hearing check. Additional checks that may be carried out are electroencephalograph.

Diagnosing ADHD in children under 5 years will be more difficult because most children have some symptoms that look like ADHD in a variety of situations.

Causes of ADHD in Children

In some cases, behavior that looks like ADHD might be caused by:

  • A sudden life change (such as divorce, death in the family, or moving in the environment)
  • Seizures were not detected
  • Medical disorders that affect brain function
  • Worry
  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder.

Types of ADHD in Children

  • Combined type (negligent/hyperactive/impulsive). Children with this type of ADHD show all these symptoms. This is the most common form of ADHD.
  • Hyperactive/impulsive type. Children exhibit both hyperactive and impulsive behavior, but for the most part, they are able to focus attention.
  • Neglectful type. Previously this disorder was called attention deficit disorder (ADD). These children are not very active. They do not interfere with class or other activities, so the symptoms are not very visible.

How to treat ADHD in children

Generally children who have ADHD are difficult to cure. What you can do for children with ADHD is to reduce symptoms so that the condition does not become a problem in everyday life.

If the symptoms of attention deficit or hyperactivity are recurring, don’t panic and get emotional easily. Immediately take your child to the doctor for a consultation. Remember, patient behavior in dealing with children is the key to avoiding unwanted risks.

Important things to do if you have a child with ADHD are:

  • Provides high nutritious food
  • Encourage children to communicate and tell stories
  • Plan children’s day with quality activities
  • Balance your child’s rest time and physical activity
  • Give the child clear instructions when you ask him to do something
  • Keep sharp objects and fragile objects out of the reach of children.

However, there are several methods that can be learned so that the symptoms of ADHD children can be controlled. A number of steps to manage ADHD can be in the form of drugs, behavioral therapy, and social interaction therapy.

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